Ancient bling! 41,500-year-old decorated ivory pendant made from MAMMOTH bone is discovered in a cave in Poland and may be the earliest known example of ornate jewellery in Eurasia, study claims

- Advertisement -


  • Stunning pendant was found in a cave in Poland in 2010
  • Using radiocarbon dating, researchers have found it to be 41,500 years old.
  • This places it on record for the earliest dispersal of Homo sapiens in Europe.

- Advertisement -

An intricately decorated ivory pendant made of mammoth bone has been discovered in Poland, and may be the oldest example of ornate jewelery found in Eurasia.

The pendant is about 41,500 years old, placing it in the record for the earliest dispersal of Homo sapiens in Europe.

advertisement

According to researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, it has more than 50 puncture marks and two complete holes in an irregular looping curve, which may represent prey height or lunar notation.

Study co-author Adam Nadachowski said, ‘If the looping curve of the stagenia pendant indicates a lunar analemma or kill score will remain an open question.

- Advertisement -

‘However, it is fascinating that similar decorations appeared independently throughout Europe.’

A 41,500-year-old oval-shaped ivory pendant made of mammoth bone (pictured) represents the oldest known example of ornate jewelery made by humans in Eurasia, a new study claims

What do the patterns on pendants mean?

According to the researchers, an irregular looping curve has more than 50 puncture marks and two complete holes, which may represent prey height or lunar notation.

Study co-author Adam Nadachowski said, ‘If the looping curve of the stagenia pendant indicates a lunar analemma or kill score will remain an open question.

‘However, it is fascinating that similar decorations appeared independently throughout Europe.’

advertisement

The pendant was discovered in 2010 in Poland’s Staznia Cave, along with animal bones and stone tools.

Now, researchers have used radiocarbon dating to estimate its age, concluding that the pendant likely dates back to about 41,500 years ago.

Sahra Talamo, who led the study, said: ‘Determining the exact age of this ornament was fundamental to its cultural characteristic, and we are thrilled with the result.

‘This work demonstrates that by using the most recent methodological advances in the radiocarbon method we can reduce the amount of sampling and obtain highly accurate dates with a very small error range.

‘If we want to seriously resolve the debate about the rise of mobiliary art in Paleolithic groups, we need to radiocarbon date these jewels, particularly those found during past fieldwork or in complex stratigraphic sequences. Went.’

Using 3D modeling tools, the researchers were able to delve deeper into the structure and design of the pendants.

Co-author Stefano Benazzi said, ‘Through 3D modeling techniques, the find was virtually reconstructed and the pendant was appropriately restored, supporting the detailed measurements and details of the decoration.

The pendant was found in 2010 in Poland's Staznia Cave (pictured) along with a horse-bone tool known as an awl.  Experts believe that the presence of animal bones with pendants may indicate that humans were beginning to produce small and transportable art about 41,500 years ago.

The pendant was found in 2010 in Poland’s Staznia Cave (pictured) along with a horse-bone tool known as an awl. Experts believe that the presence of animal bones with pendants may indicate that humans were beginning to produce small and transportable art about 41,500 years ago.

Previous studies have shown that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens once occupied Stagania Cave.

Researchers now suggest that the pendant was left there when its creator left the cave on a hunting expedition.

‘This piece of jewelery reflects the great creativity and exceptional manual skills of the members of the group Homo sapiens,’ said co-author Violeta Novazewska, who occupied the site.

‘The thickness of the plate is about 3.7 millimeters which shows an astonishing precision when carving two holes to puncture and wear it.’

Previous studies have shown that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens once occupied Stagania Cave

Previous studies have shown that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens once occupied Stagania Cave

Overall, the researchers hope the fine will help shed light on the spread of Homo sapiens in Poland.

Study co-author Andrea Peikin said: ‘The age of the ivory pendant and the bone excavations found in Staznia Cave ultimately demonstrate that the dispersal of Homo sapiens in Poland occurred in central and western Europe.

‘This remarkable result will change the perspective of how adaptable these early groups were and call into question the monocentric model of the spread of artistic innovation in the Aurignacians.’

,

- Advertisement -
Mail Us For  DMCA / Credit  Notice

Recent Articles

Stay on top - Get the daily news in your inbox

Related Stories