- ‘Summit for Democracy’ will bring together developed democracies like France and Sweden
- Also places where activists say democracy is ‘under attack’, such as Poland, the Philippines and India, have been invited.
- China and Russia were dropped from the invite list, and only Israel and Iraq from the Middle East were invited.
- China called the invitation a ‘mistake’ and accused it of using democracy as a cover for repression
President Biden on Wednesday invited Taiwan to a democracy summit next month, a move that angered China.
The ‘Summit for Democracy’ will bring together developed democracies such as France and Sweden, but also places where activists say democracies are ‘under attack’ such as Poland, the Philippines and India.
The US does not formally recognize Taiwan’s independence and China views the island as a rogue territory of the People’s Republic of China.
China, which was left out of the invite list, ousted Biden for the move, calling it a “mistake” and accusing him of using democracy for repression.
China’s foreign ministry said it “strongly opposes” the invitation.
Biden sat down with Chinese President Xi Jinping last week for a virtual summit, where Taiwan was a major point of discussion
Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian told reporters in Beijing, “The US action only goes to show that democracy is not capable of pursuing its geopolitical objectives, oppressing other countries, dividing the world and serving its own interests.” There’s just a cover and a tool for it.”
Meanwhile, Zhu Fenglian, a spokesman for China’s Taiwan Affairs Office, called the move a mistake and said Beijing “opposed any official talks between the US and China’s Taiwan region.”
‘This stance is clear and consistent. We urge the US to stick to the ‘One China’ principle and the three joint communiqués.
Under the ‘one China’ doctrine, the US acknowledges China’s claims on Taiwan, but does not say that it recognizes the claim.
China regards Taiwan as nothing more than an uncontrolled expansion of mainland territory. The US recognized the autonomy of insular democracy until 1979, but the two countries still have “strong informal ties”.
Last week, in a further deterioration in relations between Washington and Beijing, the US announced that it would diplomatically boycott the 2022 Beijing Olympics because of its undemocratic practices and persecution of China.
Taiwan’s foreign ministry accepted the invitation and said it would send a representative.
“Our country’s invitation to participate in the ‘Summit of Democracy’ is an affirmation of Taiwan’s efforts to promote the values of democracy and human rights over the years,” the ministry said.
In Asia, US allies such as Japan and South Korea were invited to participate, while Vietnam and Thailand were not. In the Middle East, only two countries were invited—Iraq and Israel, excluding allies such as Egypt and NATO member Turkey.
There are 110 participants on the State Department’s invitation list for the virtual event on December 9 and 10, which will discuss strengthening democracy and human rights around the world.
Taiwan’s invitation comes as China has begun encroaching on its territory, urging other countries to cut ties with the island. America announced
The White House has sent out confusing messages on its policy towards Taiwan, with President Biden previously saying the US had a duty to “absolutely” defend the island if attacked. Hours later, the president’s press shop made a statement that while there had been no policy change, the US was still adhering to the Taiwan Relations Act’s policy of strategic ambiguity.
Biden told a crowd on Tuesday that he had made little progress to stop China’s encroachment on Taiwan, but wings were broken when he used the word ‘freedom’ in Beijing.
“We have made it very clear that we support the Taiwan Act and that’s it,” the president said. ‘Its freedom,’ he said. ‘It makes its own decisions.’
Biden sat down for a virtual summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping last week, where Taiwan was a major point of discussion.
While there was no concrete agreement on the self-governing island, the White House said Biden was determined to tell China not to disturb the peace in the Taiwan Strait.
“On Taiwan, President Biden underlined that the United States … strongly opposes unilateral efforts to change the status quo or undermine peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait,” the White House statement said.
“He was fairly straightforward about his concerns about some of Beijing’s behavior, which he believed was contrary to both peace and stability in the strait,” a senior official said.
China has built up its nuclear and defense capabilities to such an extent that the nation is either close to or capable of attacking Taiwan, and is less afraid of the US stepping in.
Russian and Chinese warships patrol the Pacific in October
‘PLA’ [People’s Liberation Army] According to a report by the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, a Congress-appointed agency designated to provide national security and economic capabilities needed to conduct air and naval blockades, cyberattacks and missile strikes against Taiwan. already achieved. Advice to Congress and the President.
‘PLA leaders can now assess whether they have the necessary initial capability to conduct a high-risk invasion of Taiwan, or soon will, if ordered to do so by CCP leaders. They will continue to enhance this capacity in the years to come.
The report found that the PLA’s current sea and air lift capability could launch an initial landing force of at least 25,000 troops into Taiwan.
“Given these developments, it has become less certain that US conventional military forces alone will continue to deter Chinese leaders from attacking Taiwan,” the report said.
The commission argued that China is most likely to invade Taiwan if it believes the US is “not militarily capable or unwilling to intervene politically, or if they interpret the ambiguity in US policy”. If so, it means that the opportunistic Chinese aggression against Taiwan will not provoke a decisive US response.’
The report found that Chinese President Xi Jinping had a high tolerance for risk and a desire to establish an enduring legacy, which may outweigh his concern for the US warning against invading Taiwan.
It found that China’s nuclear manufacturing puts it on a trajectory to become the US ‘nuclear counterpart’ in quality and an equivalent in quantity of land-based strategic missiles by 2030.
The US does not officially support Taiwan’s independence.
Citing the bipartisan infrastructure bill in New Hampshire that evening, Biden said the US was not encouraging independence.
‘I said they have to decide – Taiwan is not us. We are not promoting freedom.
“We are encouraging them to do exactly what the Taiwan Act requires,” he said, referring to a 1979 act that governed Washington’s relations with Taipei. ‘That’s what we’re doing. Let them make up their mind. Period.’
US officials tread lightly with a policy of strategic ambiguity, which means they favor Taiwan’s ability to defend itself without explicitly promising to aid it in the event of a Chinese attack.
But, Taiwan’s president recently confirmed for the first time that American troops have been training Taiwanese forces on the island of Taiwan, and have been there for almost a year.
Chinese military forces held exercises near Taiwan last week in response to the visit of a US congressional delegation to the island.