Former President Barack Obama promised the facility within a year immediately after taking office in 2009
The White House said on Friday that President Joe Biden would seek prison on a US basis in Guantanamo Bay after a review process, the White House said.
White House press secretary Jane Saki said it was the Biden administration’s “intention” to facilitate the Nidan, something President Barack Obama promised to do within a year, soon after he took office in January 2009.
Sasaki gave no time, telling journalists that the formal review would be “strong” and would require the participation of officials from the Department of Defense, Justice Department and other agencies that have not yet been appointed under the new administration.
“There are many players from different agencies who need to discuss this policy going forward,” he said.
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Obama ran into intense domestic political protest after being sought to be detained, America’s notorious symbol against terrorism. Biden may have more in the way now that there are only 40 prisoners left and Guantanamo draws very little public attention, although his announcement drew some immediate criticism.
The US opened a detention center in January 2002 to curb al-Qaeda and Taliban affiliates. It became a source of international criticism over the mistreatment of prisoners and long-term imprisonment without charge.
The announcement of the closure plan was not unexpected. Biden said as a candidate that he supported the closure of the detention center. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin said so as well as in written testimony to the Senate’s confirmation.
“Guantanamo has given us the ability to conduct the law of captive war to keep our enemies away from the battlefield, but I believe it is time for the detention facility in Guantanamo”, Austin said .
Guantanamo’s 40 remaining inmates include five who were previously approved for release through an intensive review process created under Obama as part of the detention center’s efforts, and the remaining prisoners transferred to facilities in the US Was.
At its peak in 2003, the detention center at the naval base at the southeast tip of Cuba held about 680 prisoners. Amid international resentment, President George W. Bush called it “a propaganda tool for our enemies and a distraction for our allies” and said he supported closing it but left it to his successor.
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Under Bush, the US began an effort to prosecute some prisoners in tribunals for war crimes as a military commission. It also released 532 prisoners.
Obama vowed to house detention while maintaining a large naval base, but ran into fierce political opposition to plans to prosecute and imprison men in the US and expressed concern that returning others to their homeland was a security risk. Will generate
That opposition remains, at least to some extent. Sen. John Cornyn of the Republic of Texas said Friday after the White House announcement, “Democrats ‘passion to bring terrorists into Americans’ backyards is bizarre, misguided and dangerous.” “Like President Obama, Republicans will fight it tooth and nail.”
Obama argued that keeping the detention center was not just a bad policy but a waste of money, costing more than $ 445 million per year in 2016.
Under his administration, 197 were repatriated or resettled in other countries.
41 were left under Trump, who at one point pledged to “load it up” with some “bad friends”. He Never did and approved a single release, a Saudi prisoner who had reached a plea in his war crimes case.
Of those living in Guantanamo, 10 are facing trial by the military commission. Five of them are planned and accused of helping in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. The trial has been going on for years.
Human rights groups long supported the closure of Guantanamo, welcoming Biden’s announcement.
Dafen Eviarat, the security director of the human rights program with Amnesty International USA, said, “For nearly two decades, the United States has denied justice to hundreds of men whom the government has held indefinitely without charge or trial in Guantánamo Bay. Kept in custody. ” “There are forty men today. It is down for a long time.”