OTTAWA – The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) says it has intercepted hundreds of suspected false or fraudulent COVID-19 test results and proof of vaccination credentials since they were required for travel.

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Between January 7 and October 31, the CBSA recorded 374 suspected fake test results – 160 at airports, and 187 at land borders – and 92 suspected fake vaccine documents between July 5 and the same date.

“All these persons were referred to” [the Public Health Agency of Canada] For further evaluation and possible enforcement,” reads a statement from CBSA to

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The agency noted that a further breakdown of the data, including information relating to specific ports of entry or the possible origin of the fraudulent documents, is not available.

Presenting false information and documents to Canadian government officials, such as border officials, can result in a financial penalty of up to $75,000 and, or,, up to six months in prison.

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“Foreign nationals who provide false information may also be denied entry and/or banned from returning to Canada,” the statement said.

Issuance of fine falls under the jurisdiction of PHAC as mentioned in the Quarantine Act.

according to a official websiteBetween April 14, 2020 and November 25, 2021, 2,097 fines have been issued to passengers who have failed to provide a valid pre-entry test.

Testing requirements and vaccine credentials are assessed and verified by the ArriveCAN app, automated technology checks, and border service officers who conduct more in-depth examinations when necessary.

“CBSA deploys a variety of technologies and is constantly updating the intelligence network, however, the agency does not disclose details of specific targeting, enforcement, intelligence and investigation techniques as this could render them ineffective. We can tell you this That any suspicious document is sent by PHAC for further investigation,” the statement read.

Mandatory pre-arrival testing for air travel began on January 7 and February 15 for land travel across the border. Compulsory proof of vaccination credentials began on July 5 for Canadian citizens, August 9 for US citizens, and September 7 for other foreign nationals.