Despite their uncomfortable histories in the past, China and Russia have strengthened their political, economic and military ties this year, as both countries say they are angered by what they call mounting pressure from the West.
So far this year, the two have conducted several military exercises and issued joint diplomatic statements aimed at Western countries. On November 27, for example, an essay by the ambassadors of both countries in Washington opposed the upcoming US leadership. Summit for Democracy To create division in the world. Neither Russia nor China appeared in the list of 110 invitees.
Russia depends on China’s vast industrial economy for oil and gas exports because environmental regulations in the EU complicate energy imports there, said Vasily Kashin, senior fellow at the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
He said the two-way relationship was the strongest since the 1950s.
Kashin said, “The most important thing is that we have a common position with respect to the global order, which is that we don’t like the American global order, so this close partnership builds on the common opposition to the US-led global order.” is based.”
Western democracies from the United States to Australia and across Europe have strengthened their ties this year in a time of concern about China’s policies. Western governments have signaled opposition to Beijing’s aggressive language on Taiwan, crackdowns on dissidents in Hong Kong and its policies targeting the Muslim minority in China’s Xinjiang region.
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Countries including the West and some countries in Southeast Asia are further angry with China “Wolf Warrior Diplomacy” approach that has seen the Communist Party of China become more vocal about promoting its ideas among foreign audiences. In foreign relations, experts say Beijing is using “Increasingly Assertive Tactics” Often to “aggressively defend your country” in the cyber world.
China and Russia in turn hope to prevent the return of US-run soft power under the Barack Obama-George W. Bush presidency, when smaller countries have replaced the United States as “more acceptable leaders”, said associate professor Alan Chong. saw. at S Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore.
The Chinese soft power, Chong said, has “taken a hit” because of President Xi Jinping’s comments, which he finds stronger at home, at the expense of solidarity and friendship abroad. He said China sees US President Joe Biden as “a very tough opponent”.
Western governments this year have specifically called out China over its alleged aggression towards Taiwan, a self-governing island that Beijing claims as its own. A US official last month also warned Russia about building troops near Ukraine.
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Evidence of strong China-Russia relations
With the world’s second-strongest military, after the United States, Russia conducts occasional military exercises with China – five have been made public to date – while selling weapons to its sprawling neighbor to the south.
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In October, China and Russia held their 10th annual “Maritime Interaction” naval exercise with the Russian Pacific Fleet’s anti-submarine anti-ship Admiral Panteleyev, which was based in Moscow. Artificial satellite News service reported. The People’s Liberation Army Navy of China sent several destroyers and a diesel submarine.
The two navies conduct exercises together to strengthen their “combat capabilities” in case of “marine threats”, Sputnik said.
Russia and China conducted a five-day military exercise in August in a remote region of central China, involving more than 10,000 service personnel, aircraft, artillery and armored vehicles.
China and Russia this month began operating a space weather station in Beijing and Moscow, operated by the Chinese state China Daily informed of. In June, they agreed to extend their 20-year-old Treaty of Good Neighborhood and Friendly Cooperation to strengthen ties while respecting each other’s interests and sovereignty, daily said.
The Secretary-General of the Chinese Council, Andrew Yang, said Russia looks to China for its support of its goal of occupying parts of Ukraine, as well as to show that Moscow “can still play a role” in Asia. Advanced Policy Studies Think Tank in Taiwan.
China needs Russian weapons, energy and support against Western pressure, Yang said. In 2015, Russia agreed to sell 24 fighter jets and four S-400 surface-to-air missile systems to China for about $7 billion. On the economic front, China became Russia’s No.1 Trading Partner in 2017. Two years ago, Xi and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, agreed to thwart each side’s efforts to open trade routes. Building infrastructure in other countries,
“I think it’s a traditional, old-fashioned balance of power,” Yang said. “They believe that if China and Russia can engage together, they can also control regional security issues.”
Limitations of Sino-Russian Cooperation
Analysts say the Cold War-era mistrust between China and Russia could limit cooperation to broad-based or informal actions rather than a signed agreement. Sino-Russian relations faded in the 1960s when the two communist parties separated over ideology and border conflicts began.
Nguyen Thanh Trung, a faculty member at Fulbright University Vietnam, said the two sides could reach a military technology sharing agreement similar to the AUKUS agreement involving Australia, Britain and the United States. The earlier targets have not been met, he told the Granthshala.
“Over the past two years, China and Russia have signed a number of agreements, but I don’t see much concrete progress in their agreements,” Nguyen said.
Chong said Western allies need not worry about Sino-Russian cooperation until the two powers sign a formal agreement.
“If you see a memorandum of understanding [memorandum of understanding] where they will clearly state, [that] They will stage X number of military exercises, they will set up some sort of unified military command or something, then there is cause for concern, but as they go at the moment, I don’t think there is anything to worry about,” he said. said.
This week the Pentagon announced as part of a regular review of its forces around the world that it would strengthen deployments and bases directed at China and Russia, while still maintaining forces in the Middle East to deter terrorist groups and Iran. Will keep