The head of environmental group Greenpeace warned at the upcoming UN climate talks in Glasgow on Thursday against efforts by countries and corporations to “greenwash” the planet’s ongoing pollution.
The UK-hosted summit has been described as “the world’s last best chance” to prevent Granthshala warming from reaching dangerous levels, and is expected to call on governments and businesses to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. There will be a flurry of new commitments.
But climate campaigners say behind-the-scenes lobbying ahead of the summit could hinder efforts to secure an ambitious deal that would ensure the world warms up to 1.5 °C (2.7 °C) as agreed in Paris in 2015. Fahrenheit) to cap Granthshala warming.
“The Glasgow meeting is a really important moment where governments need to be courageous,” said Jennifer Morgan, executive director of Greenpeace International.
“They need to show they understand the science, listen to their people and go far beyond what they’re saying,” he told the Associated Press in an interview.
By doing so, governments will “give their people the kind of hope and confidence that they’ve got it and are willing to do things that their corporate interests don’t want them to do.”
Morgan pointed to leaked documents showing how countries such as Australia, Brazil and Saudi Arabia are apparently trying to downplay an upcoming UN Science Panel report on Granthshala warming, with the way in which climate action Public support for some governments is underestimated. efforts behind closed doors
Documents obtained by Greenpeace indicate how countries they wanted the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to focus on shutting down coal-fired power stations, reducing meat consumption, and cutting actual emissions, rather than what was already done. Focus on ways to capture the released carbon. .
A spokesman for the IPCC’s secretariat in Geneva underestimated the impact of such lobbying efforts on the panel’s final report.
“The preparation of review reports by governments and experts is a fundamental part of the IPCC process,” said spokesman Jonathan Lin. “The IPCC principles are designed to ensure that this review contributes to a comprehensive, balanced and objective assessment in an open and transparent manner.”
The office of Australian Minister for Industry, Energy and Emissions Reduction Angus Taylor said in a statement that it is clearly false to “comment on the draft any ‘intervention'” to emphasize Australia.
All comments received by the IPCC are finalized and published along with their report.
“This ensures complete transparency,” the statement said.
Greenpeace’s Morgan said much of the lobbying is conducted by corporations, some of which will also take place in the so-called COP26 talks – including by government delegations.
“They’ll use this COP to show they care, that they’re really doing a lot,” Morgan said. “There will be a huge greenwashing effort in Glasgow that needs to be called out and recognized.”
He said governments could also use UN talks to announce new climate measures, even if they lobbied against others.
“If you look at what they’re doing to stop the world moving forward, it’s amazing,” she said. “It’s immoral, it’s unacceptable.”
Greenpeace and other environmental campaign groups have been critical of a wave of announcements by countries and industry groups ranging from airlines to shipping firms aiming for ‘net zero’ emissions. Instead of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero, those who aim for net zero pledge to release only as much carbon dioxide or other pollutants into the atmosphere as can be re-captured by a certain date. .
The math around Net Zero is unclear and activists say the goal could be derailed from attempting to cut emissions as quickly as possible if it is not scientifically rigorous.
“(Some companies) want to continue what they’re doing, but they want to get paid to plant trees elsewhere,” Morgan said. “This is not a solution to the nature and biodiversity crisis.”
He cited a recent report by the International Energy Agency, which concluded that there may be no more new coal mines or oil and gas wells to achieve the Paris goal. Yet last week, a separate UN-backed study found that existing fossil fuel production plans for the coming decade would result in more than double emissions allowing the world to retain a chance of meeting Paris goals.
Morgan said the efforts of some parties to stall talks in Glasgow and agreements on sensitive issues could provide impetus to countries that want an ambitious deal.
“They have to be ready to move on, go beyond their comfort zones and come together because you can see the level of opposition they have coming up,” she said.
A group of nine countries, including Costa Rica, Sweden and the Marshall Islands, on Thursday called on countries that have not yet done so to update their climate goals before October 31-November. 12 talks in Glasgow. He also supported the long-standing demand of poor countries for rich countries to fulfill their pledge to provide $100 billion in aid every year to combat climate change.
Associated Press writers Jamie Keaton in Geneva and Rod McGuirk in Canberra, Australia contributed to this report.