- A new report suggests that EVs are the green option in Europe, the US and China
- It studied the life cycle of vehicles and fuels from extraction of raw materials through operation and eventual recycling or disposal.
- Even in India, whose power grid is dependent on coal, electric vehicles produce 19-34 percent less
- The construction of an EV is still more carbon-intensive than a traditional gas-powered car
- But drivers make up for their carbon footprint after about a year
Although electric vehicles are gaining significant attention, critics question whether they are better for the environment than gas guzzlers—especially if they are charged from ‘dirty’ grids that rely on coal or other non-renewable sources. does.
However, a new report from international council on clean transport (ICCT) indicates that EVs release fewer greenhouse gases over their lifetime, no matter what grid they plug into.
“Even for India and China, which are still heavily reliant on coal power, the life-cycle benefits of BEVs still exist today,” said Peter Mock, ICCT’s managing director for Europe. in a statement.
The study looked at greenhouse gases (GHGs) in Europe, the US, China and India, which together account for about 70 percent of all new car sales.
According to the ICCT statement, unlike other assessments, it considers both current and projected emissions to account for “every stage in the life cycle of both vehicles and fuels – from refining and manufacturing operations through extraction and processing of raw materials and until final recycling or disposal. .’
It dug into a variety of power sources, including plug-in hybrids, biofuels, etc. Hydrogen and electricity.
Building an EV is still more carbon-intensive than building an internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle, but EV drivers recoup their carbon footprint after a year or so, explained ICCT researcher George Beaker. ledge.
Over the lifetime of an average medium-sized electric vehicle Registered today, emissions are already lower than comparable gasoline cars by 66-69 percent in Europe, 60-68 percent in the US, 37-45 percent in China and 19-34 percent in India.
The authors said this difference would only increase if the electric mixture continued to decarbonize.
While Musk said that all 25,000 of the company’s Superchargers will eventually be available to non-Tesla drivers, it’s unclear whether the service will first be available in Europe or rolled out simultaneously around the world.
‘Only battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) powered by renewable electricity from transportation can achieve the kind of deep reduction in GHG emissions that the Paris Agreement goal of keeping global warming below 2°C. are consistent with,’ the report indicates.
‘There is no real route to that goal that relies on combustion-engine vehicles, including hybrids of any kind.’
The new report contradicts a November 2020 study by a group of car makers that showed that building electric vehicles generates 63 percent more carbon dioxide than making gas- or diesel-powered models .
That Report—Commissioned by Honda , Aston Martin, Bosch and McLaren—found that some so-called zero-emissions vehicles have to drive about 50,000 miles before being as ‘green’ as autos powered by fossil fuels.
Even in India, which still uses an energy grid heavily dependent on coal power, electric vehicles released 19–34 percent fewer greenhouse gases than fossil-fueled cars.
This stipulates that the output of Volvo’s all-electric Polestar 2 generates 24 tons of carbon dioxide, compared to 14 tons for the gas-powered Volvo XC40.
“You have to cover 48,700 miles in the Polestar 2 before its carbon footprint becomes smaller than the Volvo XC40,” the researchers said. ‘Similar results have been obtained from studies by Volkswagen comparing the e-Golf with the diesel Golf.’
The report was released in response to British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s plan to ban the sale of new gas and diesel vehicles starting in 2030.
A comparison of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from a variety of passenger-car options indicates that, in the end, electric vehicles have the lowest carbon footprint.
Carmakers claimed electric vehicles were ‘no silver bullet’ in helping Britain achieve net zero emissions by 2050, but the ICCT says they are not looking at the full life of the car.
“We have a lot of lobby work from parts of the automotive industry saying that electric vehicles are not that much better if you take into account power generation and battery production,” Beaker told The Verge. ‘We wanted to look into this and see if these arguments were correct.’
About 231,000 all-electric vehicles were sold in the US in 2020, down 3.2 percent from the previous year. According to Pew Research.
All-EVs (excluding plug-in hybrid and fuel cell vehicles) account for about 2 percent of US annual sales.
There are about 10.2 million electric vehicles worldwide, but the US has only 17 percent of them – far behind China, which has more than 4.5 million, or 44 percent of the world’s total stock.
The stagnation in demand has been attributed to high upfront costs and lack of chargers on residential roads, with zero-emissions cars still considered a luxury by many households.
But incentives, such as federal and state EV tax credits, can bring the price on par with that of a typical combustion-engine car.
Federal and state tax credits can bring the price of an electric vehicle on par with that of a typical combustion-engine car. In addition, the average EV driver will save between $700 and $1,600 per year in fuel costs, and nearly 50 percent in maintenance costs, ‘due to a cleaner, more streamlined system under the hood’.
and, according to for sierra club, the average EV driver will save between $700 and $1,600 per year in fuel costs, and nearly 50 percent savings in maintenance costs ‘due to a cleaner, more streamlined system.’
‘Electric vehicles are…