When the United States reactivates the Migrant Protection Protocol (MPP) or “Stay in Mexico” program next week, the Mexican government promised to “protect the rights” of migrants.
Roberto Velasco, the head of the North American Ministry of Foreign Relations (SRE), reaffirmed, “For humanitarian reasons and temporarily, some people will not return to their countries of origin, waiting in Mexico for their immigration process before the US courts.” will do.” ,
“The main reason for this decision is to significantly improve the conditions of migrants, allow for their asylum process in the United States, and ensure their rights,” he announced in a video message.
The President of the United States, Joe Biden, along with his Mexican counterpart, Andres Manuel López Obrador, agreed to reinstate the “Stay in Mexico” program, now called by former US President Donald Trump for asylum seekers from the United States. forced to wait. His process in Mexican territory.
For now, more than 26,500 petitioners are on waiting lists in eight Mexican border cities, a study from the University of Texas at Austin revealed this week.
“We do not expect a greater influx of migrants across the border, but some may submit asylum applications, which is the case with people who pass through the so-called Title 42 (which allows migrants to be deported) to the United States. Happens to people evacuated from the US. Pandemic)” Velasco said.
The SRE official explained that Mexico agreed to cooperate after Washington said Mexico would “address the humanitarian concerns raised by the Mexican government”.
Conditions include increased funding from international organizations with shelters, prevention measures against COVID-19 such as medical tests and vaccinations, access to legal aid and expedited procedures.
“The United States will coordinate with Mexican authorities for adequate implementation taking into account the capabilities of the National Institute of Migration (INM) and the local security context,” Velasco said.
The program will be reactivated Monday as the region experiences a record migrant influx into the United States, with Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reporting more than 1.7 million illegal immigrants at the border with Mexico in fiscal year 2021. “found”, which ended. 30 September.
According to the Migration Policy Unit of the Interior Ministry, Mexico has detected more than 190,000 undocumented immigrants from January to September, more than triple the number in 2020, in addition to deporting about 74,300.
Despite the criticism the government received for its treatment of migrants, the SRE official insisted that Mexico “maintains the same humanitarian and solidarity policy.”
“The main objective of the Mexican government is that in extremely complex situations, human rights are guaranteed, an orderly, safe and regular migration is encouraged, and most importantly, the root causes of migration are addressed through programs of cooperation. addressed through the medium,” he said. ,