Gold jewelry including a necklace, lotus flower pendant and a tiara from the era of Nefertiti is found inside two 3,000-year-old Bronze Age tombs in Cyprus

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  • Two bronze tombs were discovered in 2018, but archaeologists are now able to unearth the wonders inside
  • The team found hundreds of funeral objects, including jewelry made during the reign of Nefertiti – she was an ancient Egyptian queen 3,000 years ago
  • A solid gold pendant in the shape of a lotus flower has been found that resembles the one worn by an ancient Egyptian queen
  • Remains of 155 persons and a batch of 500 items were also found

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Stunning gold jewelry made during the reign of Nefertiti has been discovered inside two Bronze Age tombs that have been hidden in Cyprus for 3,000 years.

A solid gold pendant in the shape of a lotus flower with inlaid gems is one of the treasures found at the site and is similar to the jewelry worn by an 18th Dynasty ancient Egyptian queen.

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Archaeologists say that these finds and other ornaments tell the story of Cyprus’s intense trade with Egypt.

The tomb is one of two discovered in 2018 on the small Mediterranean island, but archaeologists from the University of Gothenburg recently discovered the wonders inside.

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Along with the lavish jewellery, the team also unearthed the remains of 155 individuals and a trove of 500 objects combined in the two tombs.

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A solid gold pendant in the shape of a lotus flower with inlaid gems is one of the treasures found at the site and is similar to the jewelry worn by an 18th Dynasty ancient Egyptian queen.

Both structures were used for hundreds of years, from about 1500 to 1350 BCE, and skeletons and funeral objects were stacked on top of each other.

One of the skeletons was that of a five-year-old child buried with jewelry including a solid gold tiara and beaded necklace, possibly part of an aristocratic family.

The team has been working at the site since 2010, but it was not until three years ago that they discovered the two graves.

Burial structures form underground chambers and each contains a large number of human skeletons.

Stunning gold jewelry made during the reign of Nefertiti (pictured) has been discovered inside two bronze tombs that have been hidden in Cyprus for 3,000 years

Stunning gold jewelry made during the reign of Nefertiti (pictured) has been discovered inside two bronze tombs that have been hidden in Cyprus for 3,000 years

Along with the lavish jewellery, the team also included the remains of 155 individuals and a trove of 500 objects in the two graves.

Along with the lavish jewellery, the team also included the remains of 155 individuals and a trove of 500 objects in the two graves.

One of the skeletons was that of a five-year-old child who was buried with jewelry including a solid gold tiara and beaded necklace, possibly part of an aristocratic family.

One of the skeletons was that of a five-year-old child who was buried with jewelry including a solid gold tiara and beaded necklace, possibly part of an aristocratic family.

‘Managing the discoveries required a lot of delicate work over four years,’ the archaeologists shared in one, because the bones in the salty soil after more than 3,000 years were extremely fragile. Statement,

Pictured is a necklace found on the remains of a child who was also wearing a tiara

Pictured is a necklace found on the remains of a child who was also wearing a tiara

Once the team was able to scrutinize the remains and artifacts, they uncovered hundreds of skeletons and treasures.

A particularly important find is a cylinder-shaped seal made of the mineral hematite with a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), which the archaeologists were able to decipher.

Professor Peter Fischer, leader of the excavation, said Statement: ‘The text consists of three lines and mentions three names. One is Amurru, a god worshiped in Mesopotamia.

‘The other two are historical kings, father and son, whom we have recently succeeded in tracking in other texts on clay tablets from the same period, that is, the 18th century BCE.

A particularly important find is a cylinder-shaped seal made of the mineral hematite with a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), which the archaeologists were able to decipher.

A particularly important find is a cylinder-shaped seal made of the mineral hematite with a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq), which the archaeologists were able to decipher.

‘We are currently trying to determine why the seal ended up in Cyprus more than 1000 kilometers from where it was formed.’

Gold ornaments, scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets with hieroglyphs) and fish remains imported from the Nile Valley tell the story of intense trade with Egypt.

By comparing similar finds from Egypt, archaeologists were also able to date the jewelry.

Fischer said, ‘The comparisons show that most of the objects date from the time of Nefertiti and her husband Actonton, about 1350 BC.

‘ Like the gold pendant we found: a lotus flower with studded gems. Nefertiti wore similar jewelry.

Gold ornaments, along with scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets with hieroglyphs) and fish remains imported from the Nile Valley, tell the story of intensive trade with Egypt.

Gold ornaments, along with scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets with hieroglyphs) and fish remains imported from the Nile Valley, tell the story of intensive trade with Egypt.

Ceramic finds are also important.

‘The way that ceramics have changed in appearance and material over time allows us to date them and study the relationship these people have with the world around them,’ Fischer said.

‘What fascinates me most is the wide network of contacts they had 3,400 years ago.’

Fischer says the next step in this amazing work will be DNA analysis of the skeletons.

“This will reveal how different individuals relate to each other and if there are immigrants from other cultures, which is unlikely considering the vast trade network,” he said.

Who was Queen Nefertiti?

Queen Nefertiti was renowned for her beauty as depicted in the now famous bust in Berlin (pictured)

Queen Nefertiti was renowned for her beauty as depicted in the now famous bust in Berlin (pictured)

Empress Nefertit was one of the most influential queens of ancient Egypt, ruling during the empire’s prosperous 18th dynasty.

Nefertiti, who ruled Egypt from 1353 to 1336 BCE 3,300 years ago, was the mother or stepmother of the boy-pharaoh King Tutankhamun.

Her full name, Neferneferuaten Nefertiti, means ‘beautiful are the beauties of Aten, the beautiful one has arrived’.

Her power and charm were so great in 14th century BC Egypt that she even collected many nicknames – from Lady of All Women to Great of Praise, to Sweet of Love.

Nefertiti lived during the most prosperous period in the history of ancient Egypt – from about 1370BC to 1330BC.

As well as marrying a king – Pharaoh Akhenaten – she was probably born the daughter of another pharaoh, and possibly ruled with Tutankhamun.

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