How China’s incursions designed to intimidate Taiwan and test the west’s resolve

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CHina has raised her pressure campaign against Taiwan to unprecedented levels as part of her bid not only to respond to Taipei’s policies but also as part of her bid for a diplomatic effort by the US and its allies for the self-ruling democratic island.

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Pressure from mainland China includes the largest military incursion into the Taiwan Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) since Taiwan’s defense ministry began making such data publicly available last September. The unprecedented operation involved a total of about 150 aircraft in just four days.

According to a defense ministry statement in Taipei, the successive waves of Chinese aircraft formations included J-16 and Su-30 fighter jets, H-6 nuclear-capable bombers, anti-submarine aircraft and early warning aircraft.

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On Monday, Taiwan reported the largest ever incursion by China’s air force into 56 aircraft. The Taiwanese Air Force scrambled to warn the intruders, and missile systems were deployed to monitor them.

Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen warned of “disastrous consequences” for peace in Asia in an essay published in Foreign Affairs magazine on Tuesday. He also vowed that Taiwan will do whatever it takes to protect itself.

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Taiwan’s Prime Minister Su Tseng-chang also said that his country needs to be alert to China’s “over the top” military activities that violate regional peace.

The increased frequency of back-to-back raids of this “gray zone” war type serves the purpose of the Communist Party of China to scuttle Taiwan’s air force and test the resolve of President Tsai’s government.

According to analysts, such incursions boost the morale of the Chinese people and promote nationalism during the week-long National Day celebrations, known as “Golden Week”.

“Taiwan’s demonstration of force or oppression on China’s National Day or the extension to the ‘Golden Week’ holiday, possibly for nationalist propaganda purposes, is highly commendable,” said Adrian Ang Yu-jin, a research fellow at S Rajaratnam in Singapore. School of International Studies at Nanyang Technological University in Granthshala.

On the other side of the strait, ordinary people in Taipei think such belligerent moves by China are astonishing and aim to convert them into hostages for the constant fear of war.


It’s like the nuclear war threat of the Cold War

Daffid Fell, director of the SOAS Center for Taiwan Studies

“The threat has increased over time with China’s increased military capability. It is important to remember its psychological impact on the population of Taiwan. It’s like the nuclear war threat of the Cold War,” said Daffid Fell, director of the SOAS Center of Taiwan Studies.

The incursion was also widely seen as a move by Beijing to punish Taipei so that it could establish itself as a legitimate East Asian power.

Taiwan’s Prime Minister Su Tseng-chang said on Saturday: “It is clear that the world, the international community, more and more rejects such behavior by China.”

Foreign Minister Joseph Wu said the infiltration was “threatening”. Wu warned that Taiwan was preparing for war with China.

On Thursday, a day before launching the mass incursions, China’s Taiwan Affairs Office rejected Wu’s statements and labeled him a “staunch” supporter of Taiwan’s independence, those who spread “lies”, and called him ” sharp” fly, highlighting a quote by Chinese revolutionary leader Mao Zedong in 1963.

The US, Taiwan’s closest ally and arms supplier, slammed China’s military moves on Taiwan as “provocative”. The White House said it had private discussions through diplomatic channels about the situation.

Australia and Japan, both members of the US-led Quad coalition, urged China to end its military threats.

China has previously said such flights are aimed at “collusion” between Taiwan and the United States.

Analysts believe that Wu’s proposal was a motivating factor behind Beijing’s recent escalation, as his latest US visit sparked Beijing’s fury and called on China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) to increase its share of a potential war. was inspired.

Last month, Wu led a delegation of high-profile Taiwanese officials to a series of sensitive meetings with US counterparts in Annapolis, Maryland. The annual meetings, traditionally held secretly to avoid angering China and known as “special channels”, help the Biden administration engage in high-level, in-person talks with the government of Taiwan. Marks the first engagement.

The talks came amid reports that influential officials in Washington support the decision to rename Taiwan’s representative office in Washington from “Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office” to “Taiwan Representative Office”. Such a move would follow similar rulings from other countries such as Lithuania, which allowed the word ‘Taiwan’ to appear in the names of the actual embassies of the island.

Beijing considers such an outcome a threat to its “sovereignty and territorial integrity” and violates the “one China” principle. The CCP maintains that Taiwan is a separate Chinese province and pledges that its annexation by force is inevitable if necessary.

Last month, President Xi Jinping reportedly turned down Biden’s request to hold an in-person summit, urging the US to change its policies toward his country first.

It came amid deep dismay in Beijing as US diplomatic and military proposals in the Indo-Pacific were to “stop” China’s rise, as Chinese analysts said. Last month’s Ocus agreement between the US, Britain and Australia to supply nuclear-powered submarines to Canberra reaffirmed China’s fears.

This agreement will probably be a matter of great regret for China as it is expected to elevate Australia’s position as a shield against the growing influence of China in the Indo-Pacific.

While Taiwan has not made an official request for military aid from the Western coalition due to China’s persistent exposure, Joseph Wu urged Australia to increase intelligence sharing and security cooperation with his country.

The repeated incursions are intended to establish a “new normal” in the Taiwan Strait and to show Beijing’s resolve against a Western military presence in China’s claimed South China Sea. But a minimal number of these efforts are, in fact, conducted on a large scale. And each of them followed a significant bid by Taiwan and the US to upgrade their bilateral ties.

Last April, for example, China’s air force conducted a massive flyover near Taiwan’s shores in response to warnings from US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken that if Beijing follows through on its pledge to take Taiwan by force. So it would be a “serious mistake”.

China’s largest-ever flight with 28 military aircraft, ahead of the October mission, took place soon after G7 leaders issued a statement in June emphasizing “peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits”, a move China took on its own. Condemned as “foreign interference” in “internal affairs”. “

September 2021 was a record-setting month for PLA Air Force incursions into Taiwan’s ADIZ, which included 30 incursions and approximately 116 sorties. According to Ang Yoo-jin, during these last four days alone, the PLAAF has carried out six separate infiltration out of a total of 149 sorties – or 125 percent of the sorties made in September.

Following the end of China’s “Golden Week”, Taiwan will celebrate the 110th anniversary of the Republic of China, the official name of Taiwan, as Chiang Kai-shek fled to the island with his Nationalist forces after his defeat. Communists in 1949.

China does not trust Tsai Ing-wen and thinks her ruling party, the Democratic Progressive Party, is the driving force behind the bid for Taiwan’s independence. With the Biden administration’s focus on democracy and human rights as central themes in the US approach to the Indo-Pacific, Beijing fears the government in Taipei will change the status quo as an unrecognized state living in China’s shadow. Looking at the speed.


Beijing President Tsai (or America) 110. Increasing intrusion as a warning not to useth -anniversary occasion to do something stimulating

Adrian Ang Yoo-jin, S. A research fellow at the Rajaratnam School of International Studies

Recent widespread military pressure is seen as a shot across the bow to warn Taiwan against sudden changes in its position.

“It’s possible that Beijing is masquerading as a warning to President Tsai (or the US) not to use 110.th-anniversary occasion to do something provocative – like renaming Taiwan’s representative office in Washington,” said Aung Yu-jin.

Hours before the heavy incursion on Monday, it was reported that the aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth had entered the disputed South China Sea, which China claims to be its territorial waters. This indicated that the British flagship’s joint exercise with the American carriers, USS Carl Vinson and USS Ronald Reagan, may have been another victim of China’s “bullying” of Taiwan. Aung Yu-jin stressed, “The outlines of the structures used by China’s military look a lot for a sea attack.”

Following Wu’s return to Taipei, Taiwan has soon applied to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), a major trade agreement that was abandoned in 2017 by President Trump, China. less than a week after the company formally announced its bid for membership. . The withdrawal of the US forced Japan to take a leading role among the member states and successfully prevent its disintegration.

a source told Reuters That the start of China’s activities could be deliberately timed as a “threat” before Japan unveils a cabinet under new prime minister Fumio Kishida. Kishida unveils his cabinet

.

Credit: www.independent.co.uk /

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