Iran curbs nuclear inspectors, but appeals to leave space for a deal

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    Iran has partially increased its threat to intensify international inspections of its nuclear facilities starting on Tuesday, giving Western countries three months to see if a new deal with the United States and Europe The beginning of the diplomatic initiative will reinstate the 2015 nuclear deal.

    After a week-long visit to Tehran, the International Atomic Energy Agency’s director-general, Rafael Grossi, said on Sunday that his inspectors would have “low access” as of Tuesday, but could still monitor key production sites where Iran has announced. It is making nuclear material. He It did not describe what those new borders would take, but he said there would be a three-month hiatus on some of Iran’s new sanctions, which were not made public under the “technical attachments”.

    At the same time, Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Jawad Zarif said that under a law passed by the country’s parliament, Tehran will no longer comply with an agreement with the nuclear agency that gives inspectors the right to demand access to any site. Suspected nuclear activity may occur. He It also said inspectors would be barred from obtaining footage from security cameras that keep certain sites under constant surveillance.

    About three years ago President Donald J. Trump showed a vague declaration in Iran of being part of a vague announcement on how to respond to the Biden administration’s offer to resume diplomatic contact to restore the deal. President Biden and Foreign Minister Antony J. Blinken offered to join European nations, which would be the first significant diplomacy with Tehran in more than four years.

    “There is no response yet,” Jake Sullivan, Mr. Biden’s national security adviser, said on the CBS program “Face the Nation” on Sunday. “But what has happened as a result is that the script has been flipped. It is Iran who is now diplomatically isolated, not the United States. And the ball is in their court.”

    Iran has consistently tried to pressure Washington to lift sanctions, increasing the amount of nuclear power step-by-step, and announcing that it would take uranium at high levels, close to bomb-grade material Is beginning to prosper. Threats to ban inspectors have been part of that effort.

    But now Iranians are finding themselves supported in a corner of their own making: with the presidential election in four months, no one wants to appear vulnerable in the face of international pressure.

    Iranian leaders also believe that Mr Biden’s election has been giving him his best chance to lift the ban since 2018 – and international oil sales are flowing. For this, mandatory production limits will have to be restored in the 2015 deal. The agreement also requires Iran to submit snap inspections of undeclared sites, called Additional Protocols, rules that most international nuclear energy agency members follow in allowing broad rights for inspectors.

    Both Mr. Grossi and White House officials appeared eager to avoid any suggestion that borders on inspectors were causing a crisis like the Clinton administration faced in 1994, when North Korea expelled the agency’s inspectors and Raced for the bomb. In this case, inspectors will continue their work in Iran, even though their vision in the production of nuclear fuel and their ability to detect past nuclear activity are restricted.

    “Grossi minimized some of the damage,” said Andrea Strecker, a research fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracy. But he also said that “reducing surveillance in any form is extremely problematic due to the major nuclear advances made by Iran,” especially after the agency raised questions about past nuclear activity at sites where it is radioactive Traces of material were found.

    “The IAEA needs to publish a technical agreement and explain how the surveillance has been reduced, so the international community can assess the seriousness of Iran’s move,” said Ms. Streaker.

    Iran expert Henry Rome of the Eurasia Group announced on Sunday, “presents an opening, but we are not out of the woods yet,” noting that the country continued its uranium enrichment and new testing, more advanced. To produce centrifugal fuel.

    Announced that Iran had reached some kind of accommodation with Mr. Grossi that could buy time for diplomacy and reacted to all factions in Iran. And the absence of details from the country’s Atomic Energy Agency and the International Atomic Agency gave material to both those who wanted to restore the deal and those who thought it was too restrictive of Iran’s capabilities.

    Conservative commentators took to social media to criticize the government for going around legislation passed by Parliament in January, which limits access to inspectors.

    “Tampering with the law?” The conservative jurist, Caird Nezmadin Musavi, tweeted on Sunday, stating that the government was trying to pave the way for the actions of Parliament. “It seems that my concern was justified.”

    Proponents of diplomacy praised the government for thinking creatively about how to accept the legal requirement without removing inspectors. Some suggested the agreement included Iran’s agreement to preserve footage recorded by security cameras that monitor fuel production, but did not hand them over to inspectors until the 2015 deal was restored.

    “Iranians have agreed to meet the eye at this stage, but if the IAEA is to be fully satisfied, a continuum of knowledge is needed,” said Ali Waiz, Iran’s director of the International Crisis Group. “It basically averted the crisis.”

    Rick gladstone Contributed to reporting.

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