Journalists Dmitry Muratov and Maria Russa have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
The pair, whose work has angered the rulers of Russia and the Philippines, were praised for “their daring fight for freedom of expression”.
Announcing the winners in Oslo on Friday, the chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Berit Rees-Andersen, said: “Granthshala, independent and fact-based journalism serves to protect against abuse of power, lies and propaganda of war.
“Without freedom of expression and freedom of the press, it would be difficult to successfully promote fraternity among nations, disarmament and a better world order to succeed in our times.”
Mr. Muratov was one of the founders of the independent Russian newspaper nova gazzetta in 1993.
He is the first Russian to win the Nobel Peace Prize since Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev – who helped establish himself nova gazzetta With the money received from winning the prize in 1990.
Ms. Resa is a leading reporter in the Philippines who co-founded rapperA news website that “has a serious focus on the controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign of the (President Rodrigo) Duterte regime”, said the Nobel Committee.
that and rapper has also documented “how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents and manipulate public discourse”.
Nobel committee said nova gazzetta He had a “fundamentally critical attitude towards power”, adding: “The newspaper’s fact-based journalism and professional integrity have made it an important source of information on blasphemous aspects of Russian society that is rarely used by other media. has been mentioned.”
Mr Muratov dedicated his award to six contributors to his newspaper who were assassinated for their work exposing human rights violations and corruption.
“Igor Domnikov, Yuri Shkochikhin, Anna Politkovskaya, Stas Markelov, Anastasia Babarova, Natasha Estemirova – these are the people who won the Nobel Prize today,” he said, reciting the names of the journalists and activists killed, whose portraits hang . Moscow headquarters of the newspaper.
Russian journalists have faced a difficult environment in recent years, forcing many to register as agents of the state.
Mr Muratov told the journalism website Podyom: “We will take advantage of this award in the interest of Russian journalism, which (the authorities) are now trying to suppress.
“We will try to help those who have been identified as agents, who are now being treated like dirt and deported from the country.”
Alexander Lebedev, former publisher and . current shareholders of nova gazzetta, congratulated Mr. Muratov for his high-profile recognition.
Mr. Lebedev, father of Evgeny Lebedev, a major shareholder Granthshala, said: “It is the highest international award that can be received both personally and as a newspaper.
“It is a testament of honest service to one’s country that has been shown and achieved through a commitment to newspaper reporting, support for human rights, the fight against corruption, and the challenge of morality.
“It must not be forgotten that a great price has been paid for these principles and this award – unfortunately, it has been paid in the lives of lost journalists.”
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov hailed Muratov as a “talented and brave” person, while Nadezhda Prusenkova, a journalist nova gazzetta, said the staff were surprised and pleased.
“We’re shocked. We didn’t know,” she said, “of course we’re happy and that’s really cool.”
Ms. Resa is the first winner from the Philippines to receive a Nobel Prize in any field. rapper It has become prominent through its investigative reporting, including mass killings during the police campaign against drugs.
In August, a court in the Philippines dismissed a defamation case against Ms. Resa – one of several lawsuits filed against the journalist – who she says was critical of her news site’s reports about President Rodrigo Duterte. has been targeted.
The plight of Ms Rasa, who was one of several journalists named Time Magazine Person of the Year in 2018 for fighting media intimidation, has raised international concern about the harassment of media organizations in the Philippines, a country that was once a standard. – was seen as a carrier. Press freedom in Asia
Responding to the announcement, Ms Rasa told Norway’s TV2 channel: “Government [of the Philippines] Obviously not going to be happy.”
“I’m a little surprised. It’s really emotional,” she said. “But I’m happy on behalf of my team, and want to thank the Nobel committee for recognizing everything we’re doing.”
Media rights group Reporters Without Borders celebrated Friday’s announcement, expressing “joy and urgency.”
“Glad because this is an extraordinary tribute to journalism, an outstanding tribute to all the journalists who take risks everywhere around the world to protect the right to information,” the group’s director, Christophe Deloire, told its Paris headquarters. “And also the urgency, as this will be a defining decade for journalism. Journalism is in danger, journalism is weak, journalism is in danger. Democracy is weakened by misinformation, by rumours, by hate speech.”
The Nobel Peace Prize will be presented on December 10, the death anniversary of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, who established the prizes in his 1895 will.
Some critics have questioned whether the prize honors Nobel’s will, and the prize’s original purpose – to help prevent war – but Dan Smith, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, said it was justified.
“Freedom of expression is a part of democracy, and democratic systems tend to be more stable, less likely to go to war with each other, less likely to experience civil war,” he said.
Ms Rees-Andersen noted that the Peace Prize was awarded to journalists including Italy’s Ernesto Teodoro Moneta in 1907 and Germany’s Karl von Ossitzky in 1935, when she revealed that the Nazi regime…
Credit: www.independent.co.uk /