Liberals have introduced a bill to tackle online hate by amending the Canadian Criminal Code and the Canadian Human Rights Act.
Bill C-36 allows a person to appear before a provincial court, with the consent of the attorney general, if the person fears that another person will “be of prejudice, prejudice or hatred based on race, national or ethnic origin, language”. Apostle” will commit the offence. color, religion, gender, age, mental or physical disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or any other similar factor.
The bill defines hatred as “an emotion that involves “hatred or condemnation and which is stronger than dislike or reproach,” but hatred is not incited merely because it “defames, humiliates, hurts or insults.”
In addition, the bill would amend the Canadian Human Rights Act to make it a “discriminatory practice” to communicate hate speech via the Internet, where it would “prohibit the possibility of condemning or condemning an individual or group of individuals” is the basis of discrimination. “
It is a modified version of a controversial clause that was repealed in 2013 amid criticism that it violated freedom of speech rights.
“These changes are designed to target the most serious and explicit forms of hate speech that can lead to discrimination and violence,” Canada’s Justice Minister and Attorney General David Lametti said on Wednesday.
“They don’t target that pepper’s daily discourses, especially online, simple expressions of dislike or disdain.”
Lametti said the bill would improve the complaint process by allowing victims of hate to file a formal complaint with the Canadian Human Rights Commission.
Lametti said the bill would provide a way to reach those at high risk of being radicalized, and assured that he would “never play politics with our national security.”
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The declaration referred to an attack on a Muslim London, Ont., family, which is classified as a terrorist act.
The bill was introduced after the House of Commons adjourned for the summer, but Lametti said the government was “very committed” to it and would be reintroduced if the Liberals remained in power after a possible fall election.
However, the Conservatives question the timing of the bill’s introduction, saying the Liberals are only interested in a “political stand before the next election”.
“This bill will not target hate speech – just make sure bureaucrats in Ottawa are surrounded by frivolous complaints about tweets,” Conservative Shadow Minister for Justice Rob Moore said in a statement. Trudeau is empowering a bureaucracy to subjectively restrict the rights of liberal Canadians.
In addition, the Canadian Constitution Foundation, which has a mission to protect the constitutional rights and freedoms of Canadians, said in a statement that the law “will affect the ability of Canadians to engage in debates on volatile topics.”
“This government, and especially the heritage minister, has repeatedly proved that they are anti-freedom of expression and anti-technology,” the statement said. “Giving even more control over Canadian expression to the government and non-elected tribunal bureaucrats would violate our fundamental rights.”
Still, while Women and Gender Equality Minister Maryam Monsef said the government needed to show it was serious about combating online hate, the time to introduce the bill didn’t take away from it.
“The people I represent, those who fear for their lives, need to hear that the Government of Canada will be there for them and will do everything it can to protect their safety and security and democratic participation. could,” she said.
“It’s for them.”
-With files from Canadian Press and Sean Boynton