NASA’s Parker Solar Probe sets new distance and speed records during its 10th flyby of the sun, coming within 5.3 million miles of the surface at 363,660mph 

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  • NASA’s Parker Solar Probe completes its tenth flyby of the Sun on November 21
  • It came within 5.3 million miles of the solar surface – the closest yet
  • It was traveling at a top speed of 364,660 mph while passing

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NASA’s Parker Solar Probe has set two new records during its tenth flight to the Sun.

During close approach, the probe came within 5.3 million miles (8.5 million kilometers) of the solar surface – the closest it has ever seen.

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There was also a record for flyby speed, with the probe at a speed of 364,660 mi/h (586,864 km/h).

For comparison, he would get the probe from Earth to the Moon in under an hour – a journey that usually takes about three days!

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NASA’s Parker Solar Probe has set two new records during its tenth flight to the Sun. During close approach, the probe came within 5.3 million miles (8.5 million kilometers) of the solar surface – the closest it has ever seen. There was also a record for flyby speed, with the test speeding up to 364,660 mph (586,864 km/h).

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe

Parker Solar Probe was launched in 2018 and is on a mission to improve our understanding of the Sun.

‘Flying in the outermost part of the Sun’s atmosphere, called the corona, for the first time, Parker Solar Probe has employed a combination of in-situ measurements and imaging to revolutionize our understanding of the corona and its Our knowledge about the origin and evolution has expanded. Solar wind,’ NASA explained.

‘This contributes significantly to our ability to predict changes in Earth’s space environment that affect life and technology on Earth.’

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A double record occurred during the probe’s tenth flyby of the Sun on 21 November.

During this passing, the probe detected a greater than expected amount of dust near the Sun, according to Noor Roufi, Parker Solar Probe project scientist at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland.

“The exciting thing about this is that it is vastly improving our understanding of the innermost regions of our heliosphere, giving us insight into an environment that until now was a total mystery,” he said.

While Parker Solar Probe does not have a dust detector, clouds of plasma are formed as dust grains hit the spacecraft.

These clouds generate unique electrical charges that are picked up by several sensors on the probe’s FIELDS instrument, which is designed to measure the electric and magnetic fields near the Sun.

Dust can pose a potential hazard to the probe, although it has several characteristics that help it withstand damage.

Parker Solar Probe Mission Systems Engineer Jim Kinnison explained: ‘We have designed materials and components that survive the effects of hypervelocity dust and the tiny particles created in these impacts.

Parker Solar Probe launched in 2018, and is on a mission to improve our understanding of the Sun (artist's impression).

Parker Solar Probe launched in 2018, and is on a mission to improve our understanding of the Sun (artist’s impression).

‘We modeled the makeup and effects of the dusty environment, tested how the material reacts to dust particles, and installed fault-tolerant onboard systems protecting Parker Solar Probe in this unexplored region.’

After recreating its new speed and distance, Parker Solar Probe is ready to move closer and faster to the Sun.

“Assisted by two more Venus flybys in August 2023 and November 2024, Parker Solar Probe will come within 4 million miles (6.2 million kilometers) of the solar surface in December 2024, with a speed of 430,000 mph,” NASA said.

Parker Solar Probe was launched in 2018 and is on a mission to improve our understanding of the Sun.

‘Flying in the outermost part of the Sun’s atmosphere, called the corona, for the first time, Parker Solar Probe has employed a combination of in-situ measurements and imaging to revolutionize our understanding of the corona and its Our knowledge about the origin and evolution has expanded. Solar wind,’ NASA explained.

‘This contributes significantly to our ability to predict changes in Earth’s space environment that affect life and technology on Earth.’

Sun: The Basics

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System, a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, which radiates energy.

It has a diameter of 1.39 million km, and is 330 times the mass of Earth.

Three-quarters of the star is made up of hydrogen, followed by helium, oxygen, carbon, neon and iron.

It is a G-type main sequence star and is sometimes called a yellow dwarf.

The Sun was formed by the gravitational collapse of matter into a large molecular cloud gathered at the center.

Everything else flattened into an orbiting disk.

Facts & Figures

Name: Sunday

known planets: Eight

Spectral Type: G2

Distance: 2.7×10^17 km

Mass: 1.9885×10^30 kg

RADIUS: 696,342 km

Glow: 3.828×10^26 W

Temperature:9,929 F

Ages: 4.6 billion years

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