Oslo – The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded on Friday to journalist Maria Russa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited its fight for freedom of expression as the key to promoting peace.
“Free, independent and fact-based journalism serves to protect against abuse of power, lies and war propaganda,” said committee chair Berit Rees-Andersen.
“Without freedom of expression and freedom of the press, it would be difficult to successfully promote brotherhood among nations, promote disarmament and a better world order to succeed in our times,” she said.
Ressa co-founded Rapper, a news website in 2012 that “has a significant focus on the controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign of the (President Rodrigo) Duterte regime,” the Nobel committee said.
She and the rapper have also “documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents, and manipulate public discourse.”
Responding to the news, Resa told Norway’s TV2 channel that “the government (of the Philippines) clearly would not be happy,”
“I’m a little surprised. It’s really emotional,” she said. “But I am pleased on behalf of our team and want to thank the Nobel Committee for recognizing what we are doing.”
(Combo) This file combination of images created on October 8, 2021 shows Maria Resa (L), co-founder and CEO of Philippines-based news website Rapper, speaking at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Human Rights Press Awards. M. on Hong Kong
Muratov was one of the founders of the independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta in 1993.
“The Novaya Gazeta is the most independent newspaper in Russia today, with a fundamentally critical approach to power,” the Nobel committee said.
It added, “The newspaper’s fact-based journalism and professional integrity have made it an important source of information on blasphemous aspects of Russian society, which are rarely mentioned by other media.”
The Nobel Committee noted that since the launch of the Novaya Gazeta, six of its journalists have been killed, among them Anna Politkovskaya who covered Russia’s bloody conflict in Chechnya.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov described Muratov as a “talented and brave” man.
“We can congratulate Dmitry Muratov – he has consistently acted according to his ideals,” Peskov said in a conference call with journalists after the announcement of the award.
Rees-Andersen noted that the peace prize has gone to journalists in the past, including Italy’s Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, who was cited in 1907 “for his work in the press and in peace meetings”.
In 1935, Karl von Ossietzky was awarded the prize “for his burning love for freedom of thought and expression” after revealing that Germany was secretly re-armed after World War I.
Rees-Anderson also noted the risks of free speech in today’s world due to the spread of fake news, noting that Reesa has been critical of Facebook’s role in manipulating public debate. “Given fake news and information that is propaganda and untrue is also a violation of freedom of expression, and all freedom of expression has its limits. This is also a very important factor in this debate,” she said.
The coveted prize is accompanied by a gold medal and 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1.14 million). The prize money comes from a will left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.
on Monday, Nobel committee awarded prizes in physiology or medicine To the Americans David Julius and Ardame Patapoutian for their discoveries of how the human body perceives temperature and touch.
Nobel Prize in Physics awarded on Tuesday For three scientists whose work found order in what appears to be chaotic, it helped to explain and predict the complex forces of nature, including expanding our understanding of climate change.
Benjamin List and David W.C. Macmillan were named on Wednesday as the winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for finding an easy and environmentally clean way to manufacture molecules that can be used, including drugs and pesticides. can be used to form compounds.
NS Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded on Thursday For the UK-based Tanzanian writer Abdulrajak Gurnah, who was recognized for his “uncompromising and compassionate admission of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee”.
The coming Monday is the award for outstanding work in the field of economics.
Frank Jordan in Berlin, Vanessa Gera in Warsaw, Jan M in Copenhagen, Denmark. Olsen and Vladimir Isachenkov in Russia contributed to this report.