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The Pentagon is planning major infrastructure improvements in military airfields in Guam and Australia to counter China in the Asia-Pacific region, but will not make any major changes to its other global positions.

The announcement was made at the Pentagon’s 2021 Global Posture Review. published on monday, The results of the study, which began in March at the direction of Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, reflect the Biden administration’s growing concern about China in the Asia-Pacific region and Russia in Europe following the chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan in August. Iran presents another challenge, which also makes it difficult to allocate more US forces to other parts of the world, including in Iraq and Syria.

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Despite no major changes in the global position of US forces, the Pentagon said it would further analyze force needs in the Middle East and make improvements in Asia and the Pacific, officials said on Monday.

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China’s use of refueling aircraft during recent air flights to Taiwan raised concerns

In September the US announced a new partnership with Australia and the UK to deepen security, diplomatic and defense cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. As part of that AUKUS partnership, Australia is to acquire nuclear-powered submarines, and the US is to increase rotational force deployments in Australia.

Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin pauses as he speaks during a media briefing at the Pentagon on Wednesday, November 17, 2021 in Washington.

The Austin review is the first of several comprehensive assessments by the Biden administration of its defense priorities and policies. The Pentagon is also working on a revised National Defense Strategy that will outline the full spectrum of defense policies, including the role of nuclear deterrence, cyber threats, international alliances and force modernization.

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Some changes to the currency of the US military were announced earlier this year. In April, Austin announced plans to expand the US military presence in Germany by 500 troops and halt plans for massive troop cuts ordered by President Trump.

Sailors assigned to the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt prepare to serve meals for sailors who have tested negative for COVID-19 and bring them to local hotels in an effort to enforce social distancing at Naval Base Guam being carried in.

At the time of Austin’s announcement, American and European officials were expressing concerns about Russian forces building up near the border with Ukraine. That crisis ended, but it has returned in recent weeks amid concerns that Moscow is planning a military incursion into Ukraine.

Austin also approved the withdrawal of some air and missile defense forces from the Persian Gulf region earlier this year.

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