Polexit: Fears Poland could leave the EU after court ruling

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The decision of the Polish court challenging the supremacy of EU law brought them down Me In existential crisis on Friday, growing fears Poland The finally block may drop.

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politicians Across Europe expressed disappointment over Poland’s decision constitutional tribunal Parts of EU law on Thursday are inconsistent with the Polish constitution, undermining the legal pillar on which the 27-nation EU stands.

Ursula von der Leyen, President of The European Commission, said she was “deeply concerned” and that the European Union executive It will do everything in its power to ensure the primacy of EU law.

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She said in a statement that the EU’s 450 million citizens and its businesses need legal certainty, and that the commission will conduct a quick analysis to decide its next steps.

“We have to clearly state that this government in Poland is playing with fire,” Luxembourg’s Foreign Affairs Minister Jean Esselborn said on arrival for a meeting of EU ministers in Luxembourg.

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“The primacy of European law is necessary for the unification of Europe and for Europe to live together. If this principle is broken, Europe, as we know it, will cease to exist as it was created with the treaties of Rome.” Will be done.”

Poland may have to consider the economic risks of its confrontation with the EU because until the issue is resolved, there will be 23 billion euros (£19.5 billion) in EU grants and 34 billion in cheap loans. is unlikely to see any of the . Counted as part of the EU’s recovery fund after the COVID-19 pandemic.

The EU may also raise doubts about Polish access to EU grants for structural projects and reconciliation for the recovery package at times in the 2021-2027 budget, on the grounds that the EU law rejects The country cannot guarantee that the money is spent as agreed, free from fraud.

“If the European legal acts are no longer accepted, it is questionable whether Poland can still benefit from the enormous amount of EU funding that it currently receives,” said member of the European Parliament Monica Hohlmeyer said, the party from the center-right group of Europeans.

Poland’s ruling nationalist Law and Justice Party (PIS) says it has no plans to “Polexit” and – unlike Britain before the Brexit referendum in 2016 – popular support for EU membership remains high in Poland. Is.

Poland’s membership since 2004 has helped drive some of the fastest economic growth in Europe. With an increasingly assertive Russia discouraging some Central and Eastern European states that had been under communist rule for decades, many Poles see the EU as an essential part of national security.

But, welcoming the court’s decision, Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said that each member state should be treated with respect and that the EU should not be merely a “group of equal and more equal people”.

Right-wing populist governments in Poland and Hungary have found themselves increasingly at odds with the European Commission on issues ranging from LGBT rights to judicial independence.

Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal asked Morawiecki whether EU institutions could prevent Poland from reorganizing its judiciary.

However, a Eurobarometer survey conducted in June and July 2021 showed that almost twice as much as Poles trust their national government over the EU.

“I think … there is a risk that we could leave the European Union, because of all these actions that are taking place step by step,” said Warsaw pensioner Grazina Gulbinowicz.

“I think it will have a very negative impact on our overall situation, because things are not easy and without EU funding it will be even more difficult, not to mention the fact that we will feel isolated.”

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