Synthetic chemical in consumer products linked to early death, study finds

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People with the highest levels of phthalates had a higher risk of death from any cause, especially cardiovascular mortality, according to a peer-reviewed study published Tuesday. Journal Environmental Pollution.

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The study estimated that those deaths could cost US$40 to $47 billion each year due to reduced economic productivity.

“This study adds to the growing data base on the impact of plastics on the human body and strengthens public health and business cases to reduce or eliminate plastic use,” said lead author Dr. Leonardo Trasande, Professor of Pediatrics, Environmental Medicine. and population health at NYU Langone Health in New York City.

Phthalates are known to interfere with the body mechanism for Hormone production, known as the endocrine system, and they have been linked to “developmental, reproductive, brain, immune, and other problems,” according to National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
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Even small hormonal disruptions can cause “important developmental and biological effects,” states the NIEHS.

Earlier research has linked phthalates to fertility problems, As if genital malformations And descending testis children in boys and low sperm count And testosterone level in adult males. Previous studies have also linked phthalates to childhood obesityhandjob asthmahandjob cardiovascular issues And Cancer.

“These chemicals have a wrap sheet,” said Trasande, who also directs NYU Langone’s Center for the Investigation of Environmental Hazards. “And the fact is, when you look at the whole body of evidence, it provides a frightening pattern of anxiety.”

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The American Chemicals Council, which represents the US chemical, plastics and chlorine industries, shared this statement with Granthshala via email:

“Much of the material within the latest study by Trasande et al. is clearly incorrect,” wrote Eileen Connelly, ACC’s senior director of chemical products and technology.

He said the study lumped all phthalates into one group and failed to mention that industry maintains that high-molecular-weight phthalates like DINP and DIDP have lower toxicity than other phthalates.

“Studies like these fail to consider all phthalates individually and consistently ignore or underestimate the existence of science-based, authoritative conclusions about the safety of high molecular weight phthalates,” Connelly wrote.

‘Chemistry everywhere’

often called “chemicals everywhere“Because they are so common, phthalates are added to consumer products such as PVC plumbing, vinyl flooring, rain- and stain-resistant products, medical tubing, garden hoses and some children’s toys to make plastics more flexible and harder to break. Huh.
Other common risks come from the use of phthalates in food packaging, detergents, clothing, furniture and automotive plastics. phthalates It is also added to personal care items such as shampoo, soap, hair spray and cosmetics to make the fragrance last longer.
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People are exposed when they breathe contaminated air or eat or drink foods that have come into contact with plastic, as U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The CDC says, “Children crawl around and touch many things, then put their hands in their mouths. Because of that hand-to-mouth behavior, the phthalate particles in dust are more vulnerable to children than adults. There may be risks.”

‘A snapshot in time’

Trasande said the new study measured urine concentrations in more than 5,000 adults aged 55 to 64 and compared those levels to the risk of early death over an average of 10 years.

The researchers controlled for pre-existing heart disease, diabetes, cancer and other common conditions, poor eating habits, physical activity and body mass, and levels of other known hormone inhibitors, such as bisphenol A or BPA.

“However, I’m never going to tell you that this is a definitive study,” Trasande told Granthshala. “It is a snapshot in time and can only show an association.”

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A gold-standard double-blind randomized clinical trial is needed to learn more about how phthalates might affect the body, he said. Yet such a study would never be done, he said, “because we cannot ethically randomize people to their exposure to potentially toxic chemicals.”

“But we already know the association of phthalates with the male sex hormone, testosterone, is a predictor of adult heart disease. And we already know that these exposures can contribute to a number of conditions linked to mortality, like obesity and diabetes,” Trasande said.

The chemical BPA has also been linked to abnormalities in the reproductive system of male infants and later infertility issues in adult males, as well as obesity, heart disease, cancer and premature death from any cause. The synthetic compound was previously found in most baby bottles, sippy cups and infant formula containers until parents boycotted those products a decade ago. The FDA banned the use of the chemical in bottles and sippy cups in 2012.

Trasande said it’s possible to reduce your exposure to other endocrine disruptors, such as phthalates and BPA, which can still be found in canned goods and the lining of paper receipts.

“First, avoid plastic as much as you can. Never put plastic containers in the microwave or dishwasher, where the heat can break down the lining so they can be more easily absorbed,” he suggests. “In addition, cooking at home and reducing your use of processed foods can reduce the level of chemical exposure you are exposed to.”

Here are other tips to reduce your risk to you and your family:

  • Use fragrance-free lotions and laundry detergents.
  • Use odorless cleaning supplies.
  • Use glass, stainless steel, ceramic or wood to store and store foods.
  • Buy fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables instead of canned and processed versions.
  • Encourage frequent hand washing to remove chemicals from hands.
  • Avoid air fresheners and all plastics labeled No. 3, No. 6 and No. 7

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