Reviving the 2015 Iran nuclear deal resumed in Vienna on Monday after a nearly five-month break and for the first time since Iran’s new hardline President Ibrahim Raisi took office.
Like the previous six rounds of talks that began in April, the United States is indirectly participating in talks aimed at halting Tehran’s development of nuclear weapons.
Iran, which uses its nuclear program for peaceful purposes, will speak directly with the remaining signatories of the 2015 deal – Britain, China, France, Russia and Germany – with European diplomats to consult with the US side further. – Getting behind.
At stake is the resumption of an international agreement that limited Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for relief from economic sanctions that lasted 10 to 15 years.
Former President Donald Trump claimed the deal was weak and favored Iran, with the United States withdrawing from the deal in 2018, after which Iran began to back away from its commitments.
To date, Iran has exceeded its agreed limit on uranium amounts, while enriching uranium to higher levels and using more advanced centrifuges at its nuclear facilities.
The original agreement came in response to fears that Iran was working to develop a nuclear weapon, which Iran has denied saying its nuclear program is for research and other uses such as power generation.
Tehran is demanding that all US and EU sanctions imposed since 2017 be lifted, but Western diplomats say they see the demands as unrealistic.
In addition, the United Nations nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency, said its inspectors have been treated roughly and refused to reinstall surveillance cameras at the site it plans to close the deal. considered necessary to revive.
US negotiator Robert Malle told BBC Sounds on Saturday: “If Iran thinks it can use this time to make more profit and then come back and say they want something better, it doesn’t work.” We and our comrades won’t go for it. It will.”
Heinz Gartner, a political scientist at the Vienna-based International Institute for Peace, told Granthshala Farsi that he believes it is not in the interest of the US or Iran to “delay” an agreement.
“If the talks go on for long enough, the Iranians will not sit on their hands. They are making progress with their nuclear program and enriching uranium that Americans fear,” Gartner said. “On the other end, [the length of negotiations] It will be bad for the Iranians, because they will have a deal later, they will have economic benefits later.”
If no new agreement is reached, Mali warned that the US would be prepared to increase pressure on Tehran.
But Iran took a tough stand in the lead-up to the new talks.
Iran’s top nuclear negotiator, Ali Bagheri Kani, said in a column in the Financial Times on Sunday that “any forthcoming agreement will have to be ensured, the West will have to pay a price for failing to keep up with its share of the bargain.”
“As in any business, a deal is a deal, and breaking it has consequences,” he wrote. The principle of “mutual compliance” cannot form a reasonable basis for negotiation, as it was the US government that unilaterally abandoned the deal.
Geeta Aryan from Vienna contributed. Some information for this report has been received from The Associated Press, Agence France-Presse and Reuters.