The homes of the future? World’s first eco-sustainable houses have been 3D printed in Italy entirely from local raw EARTH 

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  • The world’s first eco-sustainable home 3D printed using locally sourced clay has emerged in Italy
  • The hope is that they can be used to help deal with the homeless and displaced communities in the aftermath of natural disasters
  • The first set of vaulted houses are built in 200 hours of printing at the Massa Lombarda near Ravenna in Italy
  • Inside there is space for a living room, bathroom and bedroom, while also furnishings such as tables

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They may look like something ancient desert civilizations might have built centuries ago.

But these are actually the world’s first eco-sustainable homes – 3D printed in Italy using locally sourced clay – and may one day be the homes of the future.

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They are the brainchild of architect Mario Cucinella, who hopes that ‘state-of-the-art construction techniques’ can help homeless and displaced communities deal with the aftermath of emergencies or natural disasters.

Future?  These are the world's first eco-sustainable houses - 3D printed in Italy using locally sourced clay.  Pictured working 3D printers as they build eco-houses layer by layer

Future? These are the world’s first eco-sustainable houses – 3D printed in Italy using locally sourced clay. Pictured working 3D printers as they build eco-houses layer by layer

They are the brainchild of architect Mario Cucinella (pictured right), who hopes that 'state-of-the-art construction technology' can help homeless and displaced communities deal with the aftermath of emergencies or natural disasters.

They are the brainchild of architect Mario Cucinella (pictured right), who hopes that ‘state-of-the-art construction technology’ can help homeless and displaced communities deal with the aftermath of emergencies or natural disasters.

The first set of domed houses have been built in Massa Lombarda, near Ravenna, Italy, using multiple 3D printers working together.

The first set of domed houses have been built in Massa Lombarda, near Ravenna, Italy, using multiple 3D printers working together.

Key facts about the world’s first eco-sustainable homes made of mud

Architect: mario cucinella

Shape: 645 square feet

Time taken to build: 200 hours

Construction: 3D Printed

Stuff: Earth

Use: As an emergency shelter for people affected by natural calamities

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He has dubbed them the TECLA House for his combination of technology and clay.

“We like to think that TECLA is the beginning of a new story,” Cucinella said.

‘Shaping the future by replacing this ancient material with the technologies available to us today will be truly extraordinary.

‘The aesthetics of this home are the result of a technical and physical effort; It was not just an aesthetic point of view.’

He added: ‘The goal was to match the zero emissions agenda in Europe by 2030.’

The first set of domed houses have been built in Massa Lombarda, near Ravenna, Italy, using multiple 3D printers working together.

In their most basic form they can be made in just 200 hours of printing.

The prototype, which measured 645 square feet, was built in layers without the need for scaffolding.

It is made up of two round, bulbous structures. No pricing has been disclosed by Cucinella yet.

Inside there is space for a living room, bathroom and bedroom, while there are also furnished furnishings such as tables and chairs that were also created using a 3D printer.

The beauty of the design, says Cucinella, is that if a natural disaster strikes it ‘only needs to send a printer’, and then work can begin on building homes to the victims that have been replaced.

In their most basic form they can be made in just 200 hours of printing. The prototype, which measured 645 square feet, was built in layers without the need for scaffolding

The prototype (pictured), which measured 645 square feet, was built in layers without the need for scaffolding

The prototype (pictured), which measured 645 square feet, was built in layers without the need for scaffolding

It is made up of two round, bulbous structures.  No prices stated by Cucinella yet

It is made up of two round, bulbous structures. No prices stated by Cucinella yet

Inside there is space for a living room, bathroom and bedroom, while there are furnishings such as tables and chairs that were also created using a 3D printer

Inside there is space for a living room, bathroom and bedroom, while there are furnishings such as tables and chairs that were also created using a 3D printer

3D printers can also customize the type of dome to suit an environment where tsunamis, earthquakes or floods may occur.

‘If I design a building in a hot, dry climate, I need to build thick walls to protect the building well and ventilate it,’ Cucinella said.

He also hopes to add a way to collect and purify rainwater.

The project was selected as a pioneering example of zero-carbon construction for Build Better Now, a virtual exhibition at the COP26 climate change summit held in Glasgow.

The beauty of the design, says Cucinella, is that if a natural disaster strikes it 'only needs to send a printer', and then work can begin on building homes to the victims that have been replaced.

The beauty of the design, says Cucinella, is that if a natural disaster strikes it ‘only needs to send a printer’, and then work can begin on building homes to the victims that have been replaced.

3D printers can also adapt the type of dome to suit an environment where tsunamis, earthquakes or floods may occur.

3D printers can also adapt the type of dome to suit an environment where tsunamis, earthquakes or floods may occur.

The project was selected as a pioneering example of zero-carbon construction for Build Better Now, a virtual exhibition at the COP26 climate change summit held in Glasgow.

The project was selected as a pioneering example of zero-carbon construction for Build Better Now, a virtual exhibition at the COP26 climate change summit held in Glasgow.

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