The accession of King Charles III has prompted renewed calls for the removal of the monarch as their head of state in Caribbean countries.
The death of Queen Elizabeth II has caused a wave of mourning around the world, but questions are being raised about the future of the monarchy in some former colonies.
The accession of King Charles III to the British throne has sparked renewed calls from politicians and activists in the Caribbean to remove him as their head of state.
We take a look at the debate around the Commonwealth.
What are Commonwealths and Territories?
Commonwealth is a political union 56 countriesMostly former British colonies.
- Voluntary association includes 2.5 billion people worldwide. Despite never being under British rule, Togo and Gabon became the latest members this year.
Of those 56 countries, 14 are part of the Commonwealth realm; that country keep still king charles as their emperor.
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In addition to the UK, those countries include Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. ,
Other countries became independent after Queen Elizabeth II took the throne in 1952, and many abdicated the monarchy, but they saw the Commonwealth as a way of holding diverse nations together.
At a summit in 2018, Commonwealth leaders confirmed that Charles would follow him as head of the organization after his death.
- However, there is increasing demand for change in the Commonwealth realm, and some countries have expressed interest in becoming republics.
Which countries are considering change?
Antigua and Barbuda, Jamaica, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
Soon after Charles was made King of Antigua and Barbuda, Prime Minister Gaston Browne said he intended to hold a republican referendum “within the next three years”.
“This is not an act of hostility or a distinction between Antigua and Barbuda and the monarchy, but it is the final step in completing that cycle of independence,” he told broadcaster ITV News.
There is also growing demand for change in Jamaica, where Prime Minister Andrew Holness told Charles’ son William in March that the nation was “moving forward” as an independent country.
An August poll showed that 56 percent of Jamaicans are in favor of removing the British monarch as head of state.
In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves proposed a referendum in July, but said he would only go ahead if there was bipartisan support.
The royals have said they will not stand in its way.
Charles said at a Commonwealth summit in June this year, “I would like to state very clearly, as I have said before, that the constitutional arrangement of each member as a republic or a monarchy is entirely to be decided for each member state. case.”
Which countries want to stay the same?
So far, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu.
New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said on Monday that her government would not seek to become a republic after the death of Queen Elizabeth II.
Ardern said that he thought New Zealand would eventually become a republic, and this would probably happen only in his lifetime, but that there were more pressing issues for his government.
In Canada, Republicans are in the minority, and on Saturday Prime Minister Justin Trudeau reaffirmed the country’s loyalty to the new king.
“On behalf of the Government of Canada, we reaffirm our loyalty to the new King of Canada, His Majesty King Charles III, and extend our full support to him,” Trudeau said.
The question of whether Australia should become a republic is a hotly debated topic, with elections over the years showing equal support for both monarchists and Republicans alike.
Australia held a referendum on becoming a republic in 1999, which was defeated very rarely.
Asked in a radio interview whether the Queen’s death moves Australia closer to being a republic, Prime Minister Anthony Albanese said it was not the time to talk about it.
The leaders of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu have expressed their support for the monarchy in recent days.
What is the status of the remaining five countries?
The remaining five countries are the Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis and St. Lucia.
Barbados’ decision to drop the Queen as head of state in November 2021 was seen as a boost to the Republican cause, and Belize has said it wants to follow suit.
In the Bahamas, following the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s visit, Prime Minister Philip Davies said he hoped during the celebrations of the 50th anniversary of independence, “there will be a lively discussion and debate about our future: who we are.” And what do we want to be.”
In Grenada, people have also questioned the role of the crown in the country, and the chairman of Granada’s National Repair Committee, Early Grail, said earlier this year that the monarchy had “lost its relevance and importance”.
In April, Saint Kitts and Nevis also indicated its intention to revise relations with the monarchy.
Deputy Prime Minister Sean Richards said, “Decades of progress have taught us that the time has come for the St. Kitts and Nevis government to review its monarchical system and begin negotiations to move forward to a new position.”
And Saint Lucia has also been called upon to become a republic. In April, former Prime Minister Alan Chastanet said he supported those calls.
“I certainly believe, like many others, the time has come to make that change in becoming a republic,” he said.
Credit: www.aljazeera.com /