Uganda pays first installment of $325m war reparations to DRC

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The International Court of Justice asked Uganda to pay compensation for its troops occupying the DRC in the 1990s.

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Uganda has paid $65m in the first installment of $325m it was ordered to pay to the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as compensation for losses caused by wars in the 1990s when Ugandan troops Congo’s territory was occupied.


“It is true that we have paid $65 million as the first installment,” Finance Ministry spokesman Apollo Munghinda said on Monday. He said the payment was made on September 1.

DRC government spokesman Patrick Muayya confirmed to Reuters news agency that the first of five installments had been received.

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In a case first brought against Uganda in 1999, the DRC asked the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to pay it $11bn for deaths, looting and general economic damage caused by Ugandan military occupation of parts of the DRC in Uganda. told to force. 1990s.

After lengthy proceedings, the Supreme Court of the United Nations, the ICJ, ruled in 2005 that Uganda had violated international law by occupying parts of eastern DRC and supporting other armed groups during the conflict that lasted from 1998 to 2003.

The court, which deals with disputes between states and whose decisions are final and cannot be appealed, ordered the two parties to negotiate reparations. In 2015, however, the DRC told the court that negotiations had stalled.

ICJ judges finally ruled in February this year that Uganda must pay $325m in five annual installments of $65m starting in September this year.

The ICJ divided the compensation into different categories of damages. It assessed $225m for “loss of life and other harm to persons” which included rape, recruitment of child soldiers and the displacement of up to 500,000 people.

Ugandan soldiers, who had been fighting rebels in the DRC for the past three years, retreated to Uganda at the Mpondwe border point on October 15, 2001.

The court assessed a further $40m for damage to property and $60m for damage to natural resources, including looting of gold, diamonds, wood and other goods supported by Ugandan forces or rebels.

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