UN chief says world ‘in peril and paralysed’ as summit convenes

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At the United Nations General Assembly, Guterres warned leaders that nations in the shadow of Ukraine’s war are mired in “enormous global dysfunction”.

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In a shocking assessment, the head of the United Nations has warned world leaders that nations are “stuck in an enormous global crisis” and are unprepared or unprepared to deal with the challenges that threaten the future of humanity.

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“Our world is in danger – and paralyzed,” he said on Tuesday.

The 77th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) meeting of world leaders has been convened in the shadow of Russia’s war in Ukraine, which has sparked a global food crisis and opened a rift between the major powers in a way that has not been the case since the Cold War. was not seen from

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Speaking at the opening of the annual high-level meeting in New York City, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres began his remarks with a voice of hope.

He showed a photo of the first UN-chartered ship carrying grain from Ukraine – part of a deal between Ukraine and Russia that the United Nations and Turkey helped broker – to the Horn of Africa, where millions were on the edge of famine. Huh. It is an example of promise and hope “in a world full of turmoil,” he said.

He stressed that cooperation and dialogue is the only way to maintain global peace – two fundamental principles of the United Nations since its inception after World War II. And he warned that “no power or group can shoot alone”.

He urged the leaders gathered in the huge General Assembly Hall, “Let us work as one, as a coalition of the world, as one United Nations.”

“The distinction between developed and developing countries, between the North and the South, between the privileged and the rest is becoming increasingly dangerous by the day,” the Secretary-General said.

“It is at the root of the geopolitical tension and trust deficit that poisons every area of ​​global cooperation, from vaccines to sanctions to trade.”

Call to end the Russo-Ukraine War

Top of many’s agenda is Russia’s February 24 invasion of Ukraine, which threatened not only the sovereignty of its smaller neighbour, but the nuclear devastation at Europe’s largest nuclear plant in the country’s now-occupied southeast of Russia. has been suspected.

The loss of significant grain and fertilizer exports from Ukraine and Russia has led to a food crisis, especially in developing countries, and to inflation and rising cost of living among many others.

Jordan’s King Abdullah II said the pandemic has disrupted global supply chains and increased hunger due to the crisis in Ukraine. “Many affluent countries experiencing empty food shelves for the first time” are discovering a truth that people in developing countries have known for a long time – to keep countries flourishing, affordable food on every family’s table, he said. should meet.

“Globally, this calls for collective measures to ensure fair access to affordable food and speed up the movement of staples to countries in need,” Abdullah said.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged world leaders at the UN headquarters on the need for a peaceful solution to the war on Ukraine, stopping short of providing any concrete steps.

“This does not necessarily reflect Turkey’s shortcomings, as it is a fact of where we are now where no body or country has taken practical steps to end this war,” an Al Jazeera correspondent said. Jamal Elshayal.

“That said, perhaps the situation in Ankara is much more promising than others in that it has been able to find common ground for some of the knock-on effects of this war, especially with regard to food security and the global supply chain of grain and other important Things are getting out of there,” he said.

“Ultimately, Erdogan’s main message to the delegates was to seek support for his country’s effort at conflict resolution.”

‘Evening’ referendum plan

The assembly comes as officials from four Russian-controlled regions in eastern and southern Ukraine said they would hold a referendum on whether Russia would become part of them from 23 to 27 September, setting the stage for Moscow to escalate the war. could.

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg called the referendum plan a “sham”.

“Such referendums have no validity because they are sham referendums,” he told Al Jazeera.

“They will not change the nature of the war. It remains a war of aggression against Ukraine and it represents an escalation because if suddenly these areas, which are part of Ukraine, are declared part of Russia, then This will further escalate the conflict.”

Meanwhile, French President Emmanuel Macron, in an impassioned speech in the assembly, said that no country can stand on the sidelines in the face of Russia’s aggression.

He accused those who remain silent of having “a kind of complicity with a new cause of imperialism”, which is trampling the current world order and making peace impossible.

Credit: www.aljazeera.com /

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