The United Nations’ top court will announce on Wednesday whether it can rule on Iran’s bid to overturn US sanctions imposed by the administration of former President Donald Trump.
Tehran brought a case against the US to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in 2018, stating that Washington violated the 1955 friendship treaty between the two countries.
Trump re-enforced the sanctions after pulling out of the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran and world powers.
Iran said the ban was a cause of “hardship and suffering” and was “ruining millions”.
The US says that the ICJ based in The Hague does not have jurisdiction and the case should be ruled out. It also argues that sanctions were necessary because Iran presented a “serious threat” to international security.
The ICJ was established by the United Nations after World War II to govern in disputes between member states. If the court allows the case to proceed, a final decision may still be months or years away.
The 2015 nuclear deal limited Tehran to its nuclear program and allowed international oversight in return for years of disastrous sanctions by the West.
Following Trump’s ouster, Iran called for the 1955 Amity Treaty, which predates the 1979 Islamic Revolution that overthrew the pro-American Shah and severed ties with the US.
Washington formally terminated the Treaty of Amity at the end of 2018, as the ICJ ordered that it could ease restrictions on humanitarian measures as emergency measures while the overall lawsuit is settled.
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Five permanent members of Iran and the United Nations Security Council – Britain, China, France, Russia and the US, and Germany have been hanging by a thread since being fired by Trump in the 2015 nuclear deal.
US President Joe Biden has endorsed support for a return to the pact, but insisted on resuming full compliance by reversing measures taken to protest the broad sanctions imposed by his predecessor to resume Tehran is.
Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani on Wednesday rejected changes to Iran’s nuclear deal with world powers and rejected calls to broaden the terms of the deal and include regional countries.
Iran’s regional arch rival, Saudi Arabia, has also asked for a role in future negotiations on the agreement.
“No clause of JCPOA will change. Know this And no one will be added to the JCPOAA, ”Rouhani said at the television cabinet meeting using the deal’s official name, the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan.
“This is the agreement. If they want it, everyone comes into compliance. If they don’t, they can live their lives, “Rouhani said.
‘Ready to entertain’
Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Jawad Zarif on Monday called on the European Union to coordinate a coordinated withdrawal by both Washington and Tehran.
Zarif told CNN that Josep Borel, the EU’s head of foreign policy, should play his role of coordinator of the 2015 agreement, saying “the United States needs to come into compliance and Iran will be ready to respond immediately”.
It was the first time Zarif indicated that Iran could rely on its demand to ease US economic sanctions before resuming Tehran’s compliance – with the Biden administration insisting Iran return to compliance earlier gave.
The US State Department reacted to the Iranian proposal on Tuesday.
State Department spokesman Ned Price quoted Biden’s consultation with colleagues, partners and the US Congress, saying, “We do not have any discussion with the Iranians, and I do not expect that we will move forward to those early steps.” .
“There [many] Steps into that process… before we are getting to the point where we are going to engage directly with the Iranians and are willing to entertain any kind of offer, ”he said.
Another US official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Price’s comments should not be taken as a rebuke of Zarif’s idea, but as a reflection of the fact that Biden’s Iran team is boarding the bus And is committed to consulting widely.
The Biden administration argues that Trump’s actions backfired badly with Iran moving away from the nuclear deal and intensifying its opposition to American interests.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken has warned that Iran could now produce enough fijile material for nuclear weapons within “a few months”.