Opening a wider pocketbook to fight climate change? It looks a little more doable. Shutting down more smokestacks for the same goal? Not sold yet.
World leaders at a special UN meeting on Monday gave “faint signs of progress” on the financial end of fighting climate change, but they did not commit to more significant reductions in emissions of the heat-trapping gases that cause global warming. causes are made. So after two high-level meetings over four days, frustrated leaders are still pointing to key climate-change-fighting promises tomorrow – or next month – of course.
Costa Rican President Carlos Quesada said after a closed-door session of more than two dozen world leaders at the United Nations, “If countries were private entities, all leaders would be fired, because we are not on track. Things would have remained the same.” Huh.” “this is absurd.”
Leaders said they expected “good news” to come Tuesday from US President Joe Biden, who when he speaks at the United Nations is expected to speak to the US about helping poor countries develop clean energy and It will help in dealing with the worsening damages of climate change. Other leaders are hoping that richer nations will eventually reach a $100 billion-a-year package to help poor nations switch to clean energy and tackle the worst effects of climate change.
This week’s focus on climate change comes at the end of another summer of extreme weather-related disasters, including devastating wildfires in the western United States, deadly flooding in the US, China and Europe, and a spate of killer tropical cyclones across the globe. Contains intoxication and unprecedented heat. Waves everywhere.
Following what was believed to be a major push to achieve more commitments ahead of the massive climate talks in six weeks to materialize the 2015 Paris Agreement, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the top economies would have to wait until October. Finally a meeting “will be absolutely necessary” to guarantee success” of climate talks. The G20 meeting is a day before the start of the UN Climate talks in Glasgow, Scotland.
“What we need right now is decisive action to stop the climate disaster. And for that we need solidarity,” Guterres said on Monday after a meeting of private leaders.
At the meeting, vulnerable countries such as the Marshall Islands and the Maldives, which are “staring down the barrel” of climate change, pleaded for “the developed world to step up to the plate” in order to provide them with the funds they need to combat the effects of warming. . British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who hosted the meeting with Guterres, said.
“The meeting was very frank and outspoken – not polite,” Germany’s deputy environment minister Jochen Flasbarth said.
Instead of the expected 35 to 40 leaders attending, only 21 heads of state participated. The top leaders of the four biggest carbon polluters – China, the United States, India and Russia – sent envoys.
Guterres said he had three goals from the Glasgow talks: a reduction in emissions of about 45% by 2030 from 2010 levels; $100 billion in financial aid annually to the poorest of the rich; And half of that money is going to help poor countries adapt to the worst effects of warming.
Johnson said wealthier countries made “faint signs of progress” on the money’s end. “Let’s see what the President of the United States has to say tomorrow.”
At the meeting, US representatives told other leaders that “good news was near” on the US share of $100 billion per year, a senior UN official told reporters on condition of anonymity what happened in the closed-door session. . . According to the United Nations, special US climate envoy John Kerry represented the United States at the meeting instead of Biden.
But “not much progress has been made” in getting countries to commit to deep cuts in emissions of heat-trapping gases, the UN official said.
The official said many countries had not updated emissions-cutting targets, adding that they were in the process of doing so, offering some hope. He wouldn’t say which countries those are, but No. 1 and No. 3 carbon polluters, China and India both fall into that category.
“There is a high risk of failure unless we collectively change course,” Guterres said at a news conference after the session, six weeks into the huge climate talks. The upcoming climate talks in Scotland are set to be the next stage after this fall 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.
Guterres told CNN that Kerry’s negotiation efforts have “largely failed” because of China’s reluctance to cooperate with the US. Earlier, in a weekend interview with The Associated Press, he portrayed himself as “not desperate, but I’m very worried”.
“We all agree that ‘something must be done’,” Johnson told the leaders, according to a statement released by his office. “Yet I admit, I am deeply disappointed that ‘something’ that many of you have done is nowhere near enough. It is the world’s largest economies that are causing problems, while The smallest economies suffer the worst consequences.”
Johnson said leaders should “relieve the world of coal-fired electricity and internal combustion engines” and stop deforestation, while giving rich countries $$ a year to help poor countries tackle climate change. We need to live up to our commitment to spend 100 billion.
“It is the developing world that bears the brunt of devastating climate change,” Johnson said on Monday. “We are the people who created the problem. … I understand the feelings of injustice in developing countries and the passionate appeals I have heard from Costa Rica, the Maldives and other countries.”
If all planned coal power plants are built, Guterres said, “Paris’s targets will go up in smoke.”
As world leaders gather, activists, other government leaders and business officials are calling for Climate Week in New York City, a massive cheerleading session for action that coincides with a high-level United Nations meeting. Throughout the week, the emphasis is on wealthy countries, the G20, to do more.
Describing Europe’s green recovery plans, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told the early Climate Week crowd that rich countries should “not to push developing countries into the trap of the fossil fuel economy but to leap into the economy”. Financial help will have to be given to help. Based on renewable energy.
Guterres is pushing rich countries to keep their promise of $100 billion in climate aid annually to poor countries, at least half of which will help them cope with the effects of global warming. Guterres and Germany’s Flasberth point out one discovery Which shows the world about $ 20 billion less annually. Dealing with the effects of climate change fell 25% last year for small island nations, “for those most vulnerable”, he said.
The United Nations’ strictest target seeks to limit warming to 1.5 °C (2.7 °F) from pre-industrial times. This translates to about 0.4 °C (0.7 °F) from now on because of the warming that has already happened.
a UN report on Friday showed that current pledges to cut carbon emissions lead the world to a warming of 2.7 °C (4.9 °F) since the pre-industrial era. It also goes beyond the weak Paris goal of limiting warming to 2 °C (3.6 °F).
“It’s devastating,” Guterres said. “The world could not keep up with a 2.7 degree increase in temperature.”
The Associated Press Department of Health and Science receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. AP is solely responsible for all content. Edith M. at the United Nations. Lederer and Jennifer Peltz, Claudia Torrance in New York, Amer Madhani in Washington and Frank Jordan in Berlin contributed to this report.