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With more than 40 million doses of coronavirus vaccines available, US health officials said they are confident there will be enough for both older Americans and young children eligible seeking booster shots, for whom the initial vaccines are expected to be approved. Is. distant future.

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Growth in demand – expected after last week Federal recommendation on booster shots – Will be the first significant jump in months. More than 70 million Americans have not been vaccinated, despite lottery prizes, free food or gifts, and pleas from exhausted health care workers. Average number of daily deaths exceeds 1,900 in recent weeks.

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Federal and state health officials said current supplies and steady production of more doses could easily accommodate those seeking boosters or early vaccinations, following a disappointingly slow rollout of COVID-19 vaccines nationwide earlier this year. To avoid rollout.

related: COVID-19 booster: Biden encourages deserving Americans to take another shot

“I hope we have the level of interest in boosters … that we need more vaccines,” Colorado Gov. Jared Polis said Tuesday. “This is not where we are today. We have too many vaccines.”

Strong supplies in the US enabled President Joe Biden this week promise an additional 500 million To share Pfizer’s COVID-19 shots with the world, doubling the United States’ global contribution. Aid groups and health organizations have urged the US and other countries to improve vaccine access in countries where even the most vulnerable have not been shot.

The challenges that the states are facing include not ordering too many doses and letting them go to waste. Several states with low vaccination rates, including Idaho and Kansas, have reported throwing away thousands of expired doses or struggling to access vaccines nearing expiration this fall.

While most vaccines can stay on an unopened shelf for months, the clock starts ticking once the vial is opened. According to the US Food and Drug Administration, vaccines are only usable for six to 12 hours, depending on the manufacturer.

related: CDC endorses Pfizer boosters for people 65 and older, others at higher risk

Moderna’s vaccines come in vials containing 11 to 15 doses. Pfizer vials hold up to six doses and Johnson & Johnson’s holds up to five doses.

“We’re going to see more doses that go unused over time,” said Wisconsin’s health secretary, Karen Timberlake. “They come in multidose files. They don’t come in nice, neat single-serving packages.”

State health officials said they have tried to request only what health care providers and pharmacies need from federal supplies. Those numbers have dwindled since the vaccine became widely available in early spring.

But U.S. officials — holding out hope that some uneducated people will change their minds — are trying to keep enough vaccines in stock so that all Americans can get them.

This balancing act is difficult and can cause panic around the world: US sits on untested vaccines Whereas in many countries like Africa, enough vaccines are not available.

Jane Cates, Senior Vice President and Senior Vice President, said, “In a country sitting with few resources to access vaccines, seeing people in America able to walk into a pharmacy and get that vaccine, I’m sure it’s heartbreaking. causing pain.” Director of global health and HIV policy for the Kaiser Family Foundation.

Dr. Marcus Plessia, chief medical officer of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials, which represents public health agencies in all 50 US states, the District of Columbia and US territories, said officials estimate that COVID-19 The ability to supply more of the on-hand dosage of vaccines and manufacturers will meet the needs across the country.

related: FDA approves Pfizer booster for those 65 and older, others at higher risk

“I think states have tried to plan as if everyone is being offered boosters,” he said, suggesting that they follow the more narrow recommendations issued by the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. will be ready for

For example, California estimated earlier this month that it would need to deliver an additional 63 million doses by the end of 2022 — if early shots for children under 12 were approved and boosters for all. were open.

US health officials late Thursday endorsed booster shots of the Pfizer vaccine for all Americans 65 and older – as well as for millions of young people who are at greater risk from the coronavirus because of health conditions or their jobs.

California, with approximately 40 million residents, has the lowest transmission rate of any state and about 70% of eligible residents are fully vaccinated. This leaves about 12 million people unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated.

California Health Secretary Dr. Mark Galley said the state would rely largely on pharmacies and primary care providers to give boosters to seniors while some larger counties and health care groups would use mass vaccination sites.

In Pennsylvania, more than 67 percent of residents over the age of 18 have been fully vaccinated. Acting Secretary of Health Alison Beam said health officials now have “two missions”: to persuade people to get vaccinated and to serve those eager to receive a booster or initial shot.

“Pennsylvania is going to be ready,” Beam said. “And we’re going to have the right level of vaccine and vaccinators to be able to meet that demand.”

Foodie reported from Chicago. Associated Press writer Scott Bauer in Madison, Wisconsin; and Patty Nieberg in Denver contributed.