What are G7 countries promising on COVID vaccines?


The pledge to provide hundreds of millions of vaccine doses to poor countries is being seen as an attempt to counter China’s growing vaccine diplomacy.

The Group of Seven leaders is pledging to donate hundreds of millions of doses of COVID-19 vaccines to poor countries around the world.

UN chief Antonio Guterres in February criticized wealthy countries, saying distribution was “wildly uneven and unfair” and warned against so-called “vaccine nationalism” and “vaccine hoarding”.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has said the pandemic is being perpetuated by “blatant disparities” in vaccine distribution.

The commitments are also seen as an effort to counter China, which is one of the world’s largest economies but is not part of the G-7.

According to state news agency Xinhua, China has sent vaccines to 66 countries as aid, and has also pledged to supply 10 million doses to COVAX, which is funded by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) and the World Health Organization. is supported. (WHO).

COVAX aims to secure 2 billion vaccine doses for low-income countries by the end of 2021.

Before the new pledges this week, COVAX was promised only 150 million doses, far less than the 250 million needed by the end of September.

Below are the G7 pledges so far:

United States of america

US President Joe Biden plans to buy and donate 500 million doses of the Pfizer coronavirus vaccine to more than 90 countries. He has also called on the world’s democracies to do their part to help end the pandemic.

US drugmaker Pfizer and its German partner, BioNTech, will provide 200 million doses in 2021 and 300 million doses in the first half of 2022, which the United States will distribute to 92 low-income countries and the African Union.

The Pfizer-BioEntech vaccine requires two doses and is stored in extremely low temperatures.

United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that “the G7 will pledge to distribute vaccines to the world by the end of next year, with millions coming from Britain’s surplus stock.”

The UK has primarily used the two-shot AstraZeneca vaccine for its population, which was developed with the University of Oxford.

Britain says G7 leaders are expected to agree to provide 1 billion doses through dose sharing and funding to end the pandemic in 2022.

Johnson has pledged to donate at least 100 million surplus coronavirus vaccine doses within the next year, with 5 million beginning in the coming weeks.

The AstraZeneca vaccine, which is cheap and easy to transport, is a key component of the COVAX program.

US President Joe Biden talks with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson ahead of the G7 summit at Corbys Bay in Cornwall on Thursday. [Kevin Lamarque/Reuters]

European Union – including Germany, France and Italy

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen has said that the EU aims to donate at least 100 million COVID-19 vaccine doses to low- and middle-income countries by the end of 2021.

This includes promises by France and Germany to donate 30 million doses each, with Italy donating 15 million doses.

France has also said it has donated 184,000 doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine to Senegal through the COVAX vaccine-sharing program.

Japan

Japan has said it will donate about 30 million doses of vaccines produced within the country through COVAX.

Japan gave Taiwan 1.24 million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine for free last week.

Taiwan, which emerged relatively fully from the first year of the pandemic, is battling an outbreak that began last month.

Canada

Reuters news agency has reported that Canada is in talks to donate additional doses through COVAX, although it has yet to make public a firm commitment to the donation, or say how much it plans to donate. .

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