What is Indigenous Peoples’ Day? Does it replace Columbus Day? Everything you need to know

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What began as a day of honor at a discrimination convention in 1977 has now become a national holiday Honored by President Joe Biden.

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Indigenous People’s Day honoring Native American history and culture falls on the calendar on the same day that Columbus Day was first recognized as a national holiday in 1934 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Columbus Day has inspired political debate in states, cities and municipalities around the Americas, particularly over the past decade, with many supporting Indigenous People’s Day instead.

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“For generations, federal policies systematically sought to assimilate and displace natives and erase native cultures,” Biden wrote in the Indigenous People’s Day proclamation. “…we recognize the resilience and strength of Indigenous peoples as well as the immeasurable positive impact they have made on every aspect of American society.”

What is Swadeshi People’s Day?

Indigenous People’s Day is a holiday that celebrates and honors the Native American people and remembers their history and cultures.

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In 1977, the Day of Indigenous Peoples was celebrated at an international conference on discrimination sponsored by the United Nations. South Dakota was the first state to recognize the day in 1989, followed by the cities of Berkeley and Santa Cruz, California.

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In 1990, the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas, sponsored by the United Nations, began to discuss replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous People’s Day.

The states of California and Tennessee celebrate Native American Day in September, not contrasting with Columbus Day.

Biden celebrated Indigenous People’s Day. what does this mean?

On Friday, Biden issued the first presidential proclamation of Indigenous People’s Day.

The presidential proclamation serves as the most significant boost to Christopher Columbus’ efforts to reintroduce a federal holiday celebrated for the appreciation of native peoples.

Biden also issued a proclamation on Monday, October 11, for Columbus Day, which has been instituted by Congress.

“Today, we also acknowledge the painful history of the mistakes and atrocities that many European explorers inflicted on tribal nations and indigenous communities,” Biden wrote. “It is a measure of our greatness as a nation that we try not to bury these shameful episodes of our past – that we face them honestly, we bring them to light, and that we address them.” Make every effort to.”

Which states and cities celebrate Swadeshi Jan Diwas?

More than a dozen states and more than 130 local governments have opted not to celebrate Columbus Day altogether or to replace it with Indigenous People’s Day. Many states celebrate both. Eleven US states observe Indigenous People’s Day or a holiday of similar name through proclamation, while 10 others treat it as an official holiday. The 11 states that have passed the holiday through the proclamation include: Arizona, California, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, North Carolina, Virginia, Wisconsin, Washington DC.

And the 10 that officially celebrate it include: Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota and Vermont.

Some tribal groups in Oklahoma celebrate Native American Day in lieu of Columbus Day, with some groups naming the day in honor of their individual tribes.

More than 100 US cities, including Seattle, Los Angeles, Boston, Denver, Phoenix and San Francisco, have replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous People’s Day.

Is Columbus Day Gone? Why is this controversial?

Although some groups argue that Columbus Day, which is still a federal holiday, celebrates Italian American heritage, many maintain that the holiday glorifies an exploration that led to the genocide of the native peoples and paved the way for slavery. Happened.

Although Columbus is credited as the “discoverer” of the New World, millions of people already live in the Americas. Columbus made four expeditions to the Caribbean and South America over two decades, enslaved and exterminated populations and opened the floodgates of European colonization.

Several groups have called for the removal of monuments to Columbus as well as Confederate generals.

Columbus Day celebrations date back to 1792, when New York City celebrated the 300th anniversary of Columbus’s landfall. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared Columbus Day a national holiday in 1934—one of 10 official federal holidays.

Are businesses closed on Monday?

Most banks and post offices in the country are closed on Mondays, a day recognized as a federal holiday.

Any government-run agencies or institutions are also closed, such as libraries, federal offices, and the DMV.

While locally owned businesses are dependent on the owner, supermarkets and most drug stores remain open. The same goes for staples Target, Walmart, Stabucks, and Dunkin’ Donuts.

National parks are also open.

Contribution: Grace Hawke, The Associated Press, Times Record News.

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