Why does the UK have a higher Covid rate than Europe?

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Cases of Covid-19 in the UK are currently the highest in Europe and higher than last year, when parts of England were under local lockdown.

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Vaccines mean that although case numbers have risen, there are fewer cases for people with serious illness to be treated in hospital.

However, the more a virus is able to spread, the more likely it is to find a way to avoid a vaccine.

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Statistics show that the number of people testing positive for the coronavirus currently stands at over 40,000 per day. Hospital admission numbers are still below levels seen last autumn, although they are slowly rising.

According to Professor Neil Ferguson, a member of Imperial College London’s Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage), there are “a number of reasons” that the UK currently has higher levels of infection than many other European countries.

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bbc radio 4s. speaking on Today programme, the professor suggested that the UK has “lower functional immunity in our population than most Western European countries” for a number of reasons.

According to Professor Ferguson these reasons include the earlier introduction of vaccines in the UK than elsewhere and the fact that “we were more dependent on the AstraZeneca vaccine”.

There are other suggestions that less mask-wearing, more relaxed rules around mixing and a slower vaccine rollout could also be behind the increase in the figures. But why exactly are Covid cases increasing in the UK?

decreased immunity?

The UK was one of the fastest countries in the world to rollout a Covid-19 vaccine, meaning that some of those who were previously vaccinated may now have reduced immunity.

A study of covid test results of vaccinated people who recorded their symptoms in an app suggested that after about five or six months, Catching the virus reduces protection notably.

Israel, which was one of the fastest countries in the world to vaccinate its population, saw an increase in the number of cases as immunity began to wane, according to scientists.

However, cases subsided once enough older people were given a booster dose.

Older people in the UK are now also being given boosters, with 3.7 million doses being administered in England by 17 October.

Reliance on AstraZeneca?

When the UK began its vaccine rollout, it relied more on the AstraZeneca vaccine than the Pfizer jab. AstraZeneca is slightly less effective against the delta version of the virus which may be responsible for the increased number of cases.

According to Professor Ferguson, this may partly be behind the increase in Covid cases. He added: “We relied more on the AstraZeneca vaccine and, while it protects very well against the very serious consequences of covid, it protects against infection and transmission a little less well than Pfizer, especially Delta in front of the edition.”

Wearing less mask?

A study conducted by Imperial College London indicated that UK residents were significantly more likely than people from Germany, France, Spain and Italy to She says she no longer wears face masks or covers.

Several studies have shown that face masks can help prevent the spread of the virus between people. However, it is not possible to say whether the lack of interest in wearing facemasks in the UK is directly responsible for the increase in the number of cases.

Indeed, according to a survey, people in Sweden and the Netherlands were more likely than people in the UK to say they had never worn a mask, and these countries have fewer confirmed Covid cases than the UK.

More relaxed rules and increased mix?

The UK was one of the fastest Western European countries to ease restrictions, meaning people living in England, Wales and Scotland have been able to attend nightclubs and attend mass gatherings since the summer. This was several months before many other countries.

Data from the Imperial College survey also shows that people in the UK are somewhat more likely to use public transport than their European neighbours. Those living in the UK are also less likely to avoid going out.

one forward Survey The number of contacts and admixtures in the UK indicated that there has been relatively little change in admixture in recent weeks.

Although more and more people are going to work in person, the number of people in the office is quite small, with only half of the employees going to their workplace if it is open.

Vaccine rollout slow?

The UK’s vaccination rollout has stalled in recent months and the top 10 countries with populations of at least 1 million no longer have full immunization rates.

Indeed, in the first two weeks of October, the number of UK residents aged 12 and over who had received at least one dose of the vaccine had hardly changed.

These figures are slightly skewed by the low dose intake in children. As it stands, only 15 percent of 12 to 15-year-olds in England have received a shot of the jab.

What about the new Delta Scion?

A new descendant of the delta variant, called AY.4.2, has been discovered in the UK and already accounts for about 10 per cent of cases in the country.

Scientists have suggested that it appears to be 10 to 15 percent more transmissible than the original delta coronavirus, but it cannot be blamed solely for the rise in UK Covid cases.

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Credit: www.independent.co.uk /

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