The coup follows days of tension between the civilian government and the military
Jakarta, Indonesia – The Burmese army has taken control of the country under a year of emergency and the report states that State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi and other government leaders have been detained. Here are some possible reasons for what the army has done now:
The declaration on military-owned Mywaddy TV cited Article 417 of the country’s constitution, which allows the military to be transported in times of emergency. The announcer said that the coronovirus crisis and the government’s failure to postpone the November elections were the reasons for the emergency.
The army drafted the constitution in 2008 and retained power under the charter at the expense of democratic, civilian rule. Human Rights Watch described the section as a “waiting coup mechanism”.
The constitution also includes 25% seats in parliament for major cabinet ministries and the military, a part that limits the power of a civilian government and enforces rules to amend the charter without military support.
Burma leader Aung San Suu Kyi and other officials attended, party spokesman said
Some experts expressed puzzlement as to why the military would disturb its powerful position, but others noted the increasing retirement of Senior General Min Aung Hling, who has been commander of the armed forces since 2011.
“There is internal military politics around it, which is very opaque,” said Burmese civil and military relations researcher Kim Jolliffe. “It may reflect those dynamics and may be some coup internally and their way of retaining power within the military.”
The army has assigned a former military officer, Vice President Myint Sway, as head of government for a year.
In the November elections, Suu Kyi’s party captured 396 of the 476 seats in the combined lower and upper houses of parliament. The State Union Election Commission has confirmed that result.
But shortly after the election, the military claimed there were millions of irregularities in voter lists in 314 townships that could allow voters to cast multiple ballots or commit other “voting malpractice”.
“But they haven’t really shown any evidence of that,” Jolliffe said.
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The Election Commission dismissed the claims last week, stating that there is no evidence to support them.
A military takeover took place on what happened on the first day of the new parliament after the election.
Instead, Suu Kyi and other MPs who were detained were administered the oath of office.
A later announcement on Mywaddi TV stated that the military would hold elections after a year of emergency ended and hand over power to the winner.
What is happening now
The telecommunication came at around dawn and noon. In the capital, Internet and phone access appeared blocked. Many other people in the country, who can still access the Internet, had their social media accounts temporarily suspended.
Barbed wire road blocks were installed in the largest city, Yangon, and military units began to appear outside government buildings such as City Hall.
Residents turned to ATMs and food vendors, while some shops and homes removed symbols from Suu Kyi’s party, the National League for Democracy, which usually beautified the city’s streets and walls.
what happens next
Governments and international organizations condemned the takeover, saying it reversed the limited democratic reforms undertaken by Burma.
“This is a major setback to the efforts to present Burma as a democracy,” said Linda Lakhdheer, legal advisor for Human Rights Watch. “Its credibility has fallen drastically on the world stage.”
The watchdog fears another attack on human rights defenders, journalists, and others in the military. Even before the current military takeover, journalists, advocates of free speech, and military critics often faced legal action for publicly criticizing them.
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A US senator raised the possibility that the US might again impose economic sanctions, which the US raised when Burma was making changes to civilian rule.
Burma’s military leaders “should immediately free Burma’s democratic leaders and distance themselves from the government,” said Democratic Sen. Bob Menendez, incoming chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. “If not, the United States and other countries should impose strict economic sanctions, as well as other measures against military and military leaders”, he said.
Former US diplomat Bill Richardson said the Biden administration and other governments should work swiftly to impose sanctions. He Suu Kyi’s ability to lead was also questioned in view of military actions against ethnic Rohingya Muslims.
Richardson said in a statement, “Because of Suu Kyi’s failure to promote democratic values as the de facto leader of Burma, he should step aside and support and support the other Burmese democratic leaders,” Richardson said Said in a statement.