Will fracking REALLY solve the energy crisis? MailOnline answers your key questions about the controversial practice after new PM Liz Truss lifts the ban

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  • New Prime Minister Liz Truss announces that the ban on fracking in England is being lifted
  • This is despite concerns that fracking pollutes the air and causes earthquakes.
  • MailOnline answers key questions surrounding controversial practice

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Liz Truss set herself up for a new battle with environmental groups and the Green Tories last week, as she confirmed she was lifting Boris Johnson’s ban on fracking.

The prime minister told lawmakers that from 2019 onwards the moratorium would be lifted in areas where local communities support the technology.

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Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a mixture of high pressure water is poured to release natural gas.

However, it has proved controversial due to the use of chemicals, groundwater contamination, noise, air pollution and even earthquake tremors.

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MailOnline has answered all the important questions about fracking, including whether it really causes earthquakes and whether it will make your energy bills cheaper.

Fracking is the process of drilling down into the earth before a mixture of high pressure water is poured to release natural gas. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into underground boreholes under high pressure to open cracks in the rock, allowing the trapped gas to flow to the surface.

Liz Truss on Fracking

On 8 September, new Prime Minister Liz Truss announced the reversal of the fracking ban.

“It is important that we take steps to increase our domestic energy supply,” Truss told parliament.

‘We will end the moratorium on extracting our vast reserves of shale, which can flow gas as soon as six months, where there is support for it.’

Finding local support for fracking can be difficult; as of recent government surveyOnly 17 percent of Britons support fracking, while 45 percent oppose it.

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What is fracking?

Fracking is a process used to extract natural gas – one of the UK’s main energy sources – from underground shale rock.

Fracking involves the injection of more than one million gallons of water, sand and chemicals at high pressure into wells.

The pressurized mixture causes cracks in the shale, and these cracks are kept open by sand so that gas from the rock can flow into the well.

When natural gas runs out of the well, it is stored in storage tanks and then sent to market to be used as an energy source.

Fracking as a technique has been widely used in the US, a country with wide open space, but some fear it is unsuitable for a smaller country such as the UK.

According to Geologist Professor Stuart Hazeldine of the University of Edinburgh, this is due to the geological differences between the two countries.

Professor Hazeldin told MailOnline: ‘The British Isles are geologically complex, with hundreds of millions through geological history.

‘This means that many defects and fractures already exist – which can be reactivated by injection of fracking water at extremely high pressures.

‘The very simple geological history of the US and Canada means that very few faults and fractures exist and large deposits of layered shale gas source rocks remain undamaged.’

Why is fracking controversial?

Fracking involves drilling, gas extraction, and flaring – the burning of natural gas byproducts, which releases organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, and other chemicals and particles into the air.

Additionally, each fracking well requires continuous transportation of equipment, water and chemicals, as well as the removal of wastewater from the fracking process, which further contributes to air pollution levels.

Fracking wells remain operational for many years, with longer exposure to people working at the site of the well and those living nearby.

a Study from earlier this year Chemicals related to fracking, including dangerous volatile organic compounds, are making their way into the groundwater that feeds municipal water systems in the US.

another study Last year showed that people who live in areas with high concentrations of fracking wells have a higher risk of heart attacks.

New Prime Minister Liz Truss is reportedly set to announce that she is scrapping a ban on fracking as she outlines her long-awaited plan to defend Britain against crippling costs while boosting the country's energy security. disclosed.  Pictured, a worker at the Cuadrilla fracking site in Preston New Road, Little Plumpton, Lancashire

New Prime Minister Liz Truss is reportedly set to announce that she is banning fracking, revealing her long-awaited plan to protect Britain against crippling costs while boosting the country’s energy security. Huh. Pictured, a worker at the Cuadrilla fracking site in Preston New Road, Little Plumpton, Lancashire

Fracking has increased global methane emissions: 2019 report

Fracking for shale gas has ‘dramatically increased’ global methane emissions over the past decade, a 2019 study warned.

Rapid rise in levels of methane, an important greenhouse gas, has been attributed to cows, tropical wetlands and rice fields, but fracking has also played a role.

Researchers at Cornell University looked at the ‘chemical fingerprint’ of methane in the atmosphere and found that a third of methane emissions over the past decade have come from shale gas.

Study author Professor Robert Howarth said the recent increase in methane is ‘massive’.

‘It is important globally. We have seen that it contributes to some increase in global warming and shale gas is a major player.

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But perhaps the biggest criticism of fracking is that it causes Earth tremors as the rock moves away.

According to the British Geological Survey (BGS), fracking is accompanied by ‘micro-seismicity’ – very small earthquakes that are too small to be felt.

In October 2018, Cuadrilla, an oil and gas exploration company, resumed fracking operations at its site in Preston New Road, Little Plumpton, Lancashire, after a seven-year suspension.

After the resumption, 18 earthquakes were detected in a span of nine days, although only up to 1.5 on the local magnitude scale (ML), according to BGS.

‘Earthquakes with a magnitude less than 2 are usually not felt and if they are felt only one…

Credit: www.dailymail.co.uk /

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