“We are not talking about how the crisis of care is affecting the loss of learning for children and how it is adversely affecting girls and girls of color.”
– Reshma Saujani, chief executive and founder of the non-profit Girls Code
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One year into the epidemic, there are signs that the US economy is coming back to life, with a falling unemployment rate and an increasing number of people back to work. Even mothers – who largely quit their jobs in droves in the past year because of increased care duties – are slowly re-entering the work force.
But young Americans – especially 16 to 24 women, with a higher rate of unemployment than older adults, and many thousands, possibly millions, postponing their education, are living a completely different reality in the work force. May delay their entry.
New research suggests that the number of “disconnected” young people – defined as those who are neither in school nor the work force – is increasing. For young women, the crisis of care can be a major reason they handle their education or career.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, unemployment among young adults in February last year ranged from 7.8.4 percent to 27.4 percent in April, the overall unemployment rate of 14 percent that month and the highest unemployment rate in the past two decades.
At its peak in April, the unemployment rate was 30 percent for young women of all ages – 22 percent for white women, 30 percent for black women and 31 percent for Latina women in that age group.
Many women-dominated industries are beginning to improve as those numbers leave jobs at the start of the epidemic, such as leisure, retail and education, adding them back.
The unemployment rate for young women is now below 9 percent – lower than the rate for young men, which is 12 percent, but still exceeds the overall US unemployment rate of 6 percent. But this does not mean that young women were better off than they were in the earlier epidemic.
Because many young women have stopped looking for work, they do not count in unemployment numbers. According to an analysis of seasonally inappropriate numbers by the National Women’s Law Center, about 18 percent of the 1.9 million women who quit work altogether since last February – or about 360,000 – were 16 to 24.
At the same time, the number of women who have dropped out of any form of education or planning is increasing. According to a series of surveys from last April by the US Census Bureau, during the epidemic, more women than men consistently reported that they canceled plans to take postsecondary classes or planned to take fewer classes.
A recent report from the Institute for Women Policy Research, using the current population survey from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which has a small sample size but produces a rapid snapshot of data, found that the rate of disconnected youth from 2019 to 2020 Black, Latina, and Native American women grew rapidly among them.
While rates increased for young men during that period, it is also notable that prior to the epidemic the rate of disconnection in young women was falling faster than men. In 2015, it was 16 percent for young women compared to 14.8 percent of men. By 2019, women had closed that gap somewhat – 13.5 percent of women were cut, compared to 12.9 percent of men. Then in 2020, the rate increased to 17 percent for both men and women.
According to the US measurement, the number of young people has steadily declined, from a peak of 6 million in 2008 to 4.3 million in 2018, according to the US Social Science Research Council, a nonprofit that publishes its latest report. was. Disconnection last summer.
Researchers in the US measure predicted that the epidemic could reverse that progress and even the number of disconnected youth could reach nine million people – or a quarter of America’s youth.
The report states, “We rely on carefully collected data that takes researchers 18 months or longer to collect, verify, and format.” But “we are aware that as we write, the Kovid-19 pandemic is taking away these benefits. The pandemic is likely to derail a decade of progress, changing rates of youth disconnection very rapidly.” .
While it is still early for definitive data, experts suggest that there is a single care crisis that excluded adult women from the work force, for example, of many women caring for their siblings or relatives Young women can be handed along, so that their parents can do the work.
Girls Who Code, a nonprofit that provides STEM classes and workshops for girls, surveyed hundreds of its own students and found that 25 percent of high school seniors and 20 percent of college seniors reported That they were responsible for the care of a family member, although the survey did not find whether those responsibilities specifically affected their education plans.
America’s Measers, who were in contact with their grass-roots partners throughout the country during the epidemic, heard similar stories – young women who were unable to complete a class or an assignment due to family obligations, Rebecca Gluskin, Deputy Director and Chief Statistician in the Measure of America
The Institute for Women Policy Research study stated that young parents are also more likely to be single parents than younger women.
“We have specifically focused on the digital divide and its impact on learning disadvantage for children,” said Reshma Saujani, non-executive girls and founder of Kaun Code. “But we are not talking about how the crisis of care is affecting the loss of learning for children and how it is adversely affecting girls and girls of color.”
She Added, “This is a tactic that we use to intervene around the world,” pointing to the Late Girls Learn program under the Obama administration, which she said was based solely on the recognition that “girls Be dropped out of school because they have to do the housework and take care of them. “
“Now the same exact thing is happening in the United States,” Ms. Saujani said.
All this can have a long term knock effect.
According to a 2018 study by America’s Measure that tracks youth under the age of 15, even temporary unemployment at an early age, or education shock at an early age, results in someone’s earnings, job stability, and even That can drag down the age line of the homeowner.
To this day, millennials who were just beginning their careers in 2008 but had still not recovered from that hit by the recession, Jill Filipovic, author of “OK Boomer, Let’s Talk: How My Generation Got Left Behind” said.
For women, a hit at the beginning of their career also translates into a wider gender pay gap for the rest of their lives, Ms. Filipovic said.
“We know that the gender pay gap expands as women hit their childbirth years, which range from the mid-20s to mid-30s,” she said. “So young women in their early 20s have a shorter window of time to build their highest earning potential.”
“But if you’re starting from behind an already closed gun, there’s really nothing that I’ve seen that suggests that any of this is made later in life.”