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    We are covering Travel control Within the European Union, Worst day of violence in Myanmar Since coup and arrival American milestone of 500,000 deaths From COVID-19.

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    Credit …Philip Singer / EPA via Shutterstock

    As new forms of coronavirus are spreading rapidly, European countries such as Germany and Belgium have introduced new border restrictions, flying in the face of free movement long seen as a basic pillar of the European Union .

    The European Commission, the executive of the European Union, has tried to pull countries since March to limit free movement on the grounds that it disrupted the block’s single market. The result has been a shifting patchwork of boundary rules that has always led to chaos and has not always successfully limited the spread of the virus.

    But many countries cannot resist taking back control of their borders. A suggestion from the commission said the new sanctions prompted a swift pushback from Germany, even as new regulations triggered supply chain disruptions and long lines of passengers arriving from Austria and the Czech Republic.

    Background: Countries within the Schengen area have a clear right to re-send checks at their borders, but they need to clear some legal barriers to do so, and they are not there to maintain them long-term.

    Here are the latest updates and maps of the epidemic.

    In other events:

    • As the US death toll nears 500,000, more Americans have now died COVID-19 than on the battlefields of World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War. No other country has died in the epidemic.

    • To secure the release of an Israeli citizen held in Syria, Israel secretly – and controversially – agreed to finance the supply of Russian-made COVID-19 vaccines to Damascus.

    • Australia on Sunday began vaccinating its population against coronoviruses, with Prime Minister Scott Morrison and 19 others receiving their shots. The first to be vaccinated was an 84-year-old woman who lives in a nursing home.

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    Credit …ASO / Associated Press

    Witnesses said that in Mandalay town of Myanmar, security forces killed two people and injured dozens of protesters on Saturday. It was the bloodiest day of protests against the army’s February 1 coup.

    The firing occurred when officials were trying to send workers back to their jobs at the local shipyard. Stop work there According to Radio Free Asia, Myanmar’s civilian leader, Drs. In protest against the removal of Aung San Suu Kyi, the river’s transport on the country’s most important commercial waterway, Irrawaddy, has stalled.

    Description: The officers used water canons, rubber bullets, tear gas, slingshot and ammunition to drive away the crowd. According to Medic, at least 40 people were injured.

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    Credit …Dan Belitti for The New York Times

    Accelerated by Israel’s election campaign, two trends are changing: on the one hand, Arab politicians and voters believe that to improve the lives of Arabs in Israel, instead of pressuring them from outside, the power within the system Need to explore

    Separately, mainstream Israeli parties are realizing that they need to win a very close election to attract Arab voters – and some are willing to work with Arab parties as potential coalition partners.

    Both tendencies stem from dogma over political pragmatism. But when this moment has the potential to give real power to the Arab electorate, it can backfire Arab votes and eventually reduce the number of Arab MPs in Parliament.

    Context: Arab politicians and voters have not left all their uneasiness with Zionism and Israeli policies in the occupied territories. But there is a growing realization that the problems the Arab community is facing in Israel – gang violence, poverty, and discrimination in access to housing and land – will not be solved without Arab politicians shaping policy at the highest level.

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    Credit …Kiana Hierry for the New York Times

    Qaziba Hussaini, who was killed in a Taliban suicide bombing in Kabul in 2017, was a determined, highly accomplished scholar who did a prestigious job in Afghanistan’s Ministry of Mines and Petroleum.

    Today, he is remembered at the Najiba Hussaini Memorial Library in Nili, Afghanistan, symbolizing the progress made towards access to gender equality and education in Afghanistan. As of 2018, 3.5 million girls in the country were enrolled in the school and one-third of its teachers were women.

    But amid negotiations between the Afghan government and the Taliban, many worry that the peace deal may mean that the progress Afghan women have made over the past two decades will be lost.

    Alexey Navalny: A Russian court has cleared the way for the possible transfer of an opposition leader into a penal colony, the latest move by authorities to silence President Vladimir Putin’s country’s most vocal critic.

    Libyan Weapons: According to UN investigators, Eric Prince violated UN weapons on Libya, sending arms to a militia commander trying to overthrow the government in Tripoli. . . He Any wrongdoing is denied.

    Venezuela: Millions of women in troubled South American countries are no longer able to find or afford birth control. The situation has pushed many people into unplanned pregnancies or illegals. Abortions at a time when they can barely feed babies.

    ISIS: Frenchmen who joined the Islamic State and are now in captive camps of rebels in Syria went on hunger strike in protest against France’s refusal to bring them back.

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    Credit …Alana Holmberg for The New York Times

    Snapshot: Above, Novak Djokovic won his third straight Australian Open title. His win over fourth-placed Daniel Medvedev gave him his 18th career Grand Slam title. Naomi Osaka defeated Jennifer Brady for her fourth Grand Slam title.

    Cephalopod sensing: According to a study published this month in The Journal of Experimental Biology, the arms of an octopus can sense and react to light – even when the octopus cannot see it with eyes on its head.

    Bollywood: Increasingly, new Hindi productions depict mothers and women as complete and complex human beings – not melodramatic side characters, but vocal, independent leads who are in charge of their own fate.

    What we are reading: America can experience an amazing summer this year – even though the epidemic is not yet behind us, writes health journalist James Hamblin Long read from the atlantic.

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    Credit …Con Paul’s for the New York Times. Food Stylist: Jerry-Joy Redman-Lloyd.

    the Cook: this Shredded shrimp Cajun and Creole take inspiration from cuisine.

    listen: Radio drama, especially from its golden era in the 1930s through the ’50s, is now freely available, thanks to the Internet. Six shows can be enjoyed here.

    do: Many mothers have felt obliged to finalize themselves during the epidemic. But giving time for self-care can give you what you need to continue.

    Restore your sense of self. We have a full collection of ideas at home What to read, cook, watch and do while remaining safe at home.

    A graphic on Sunday’s front page of The New York Times depicts the totality of COVID’s devastation in the United States. Remotely, a Graphic Resembles gray spots, but from above it appears much darker: close to 500,000 individual dots, each representing a single life lost to coronovirus.

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    Credit …the new York Times

    This is not the first time the designers of the Times have used the front page to represent the scale of the epidemic toll. When COVID-19 deaths in the United States reached 100,000 last May, the page was filled with the names of those lost people – about a thousand of them, then just 1 percent of the nation’s deaths.

    And as the number approached close to 200,000, the prominent photo on the page showed the yard of a Texas artist who filled his lawn with a small flag for every life caused by the virus in his state.

    But this is the first time the front page has portrayed all American fatal incidents. “I think part of this technique, which is good, is that it dominates you – because it should,” said Lazaro Gamio, a graphics editor at the Times.

    It is for this briefing. See you on Tuesday.

    – Natasha

    Thank you
    Theodore Kim and Jahan Singh for a break from the news. You can reach the team at briefing@nytimes.com.

    • We are listening to “The Daily”. Our latest episode is on children and COVID.
    • Here is our mini crossword, and a clue: (in five letters) what light travels. You can find all our puzzles here.
    • Claire Cain Miller, a reporter who has worked on our series Working Mothers, “The Primal Scream”. Talked to NPR Regarding the epidemic toll on women.

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